Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

On cars VAZ-2114 adjustment of valvesIt is necessary for repairing the head of the unit and the engine. At a large run, the metal surfaces of the cams and washers can be erased, which will lead to a change in the thermal gaps. On the "fourteenth" there are no hydraulic compensators, which automatically support the most acceptable clearances. Therefore it is necessary to carry out sometimes diagnostics and adjustment of gas-distributing mechanism. You can do this yourself, but you will need a number of shims.

Basic information about timing mechanism

Valve Adjustment Vases 2114

After adjusting the valves VAZ-2114 injectorwill work in normal mode, fuel injection will be timely. In the same way, the gas distribution system is adjusted on all VAZ cars with front-wheel drive. The thermal clearance in the intake valves is set at 0.2 mm, and at the outlet - 0.35. The permissible deviation from these values ​​is not more than 0.05 mm. If you set a gap of 0.2 mm, then a probe with a thickness of 0.25 mm should not be inserted between the cam and the washer.

But the probe 0,15 mm should pass without resistance. Similarly you do with the exhaust valves. On sale you can meet washers with dimensions in the range of 2.0..5.1 mm, the step between adjacent ones is 0.05 mm. You can find kits - sets of washers with different sizes (usually from 3 to 4.5 mm). And you can order one by one, but before that you need to measure all the gaps and calculate the size of the new washers.

When to adjust

Valve adjustment VAZ 2114 Price

The price of valve adjustment on VAZ-2114 depends onmasters, usually is about 700-1000 rubles. It takes a little time if necessary washer sizes are available. Gaps vary due to increased friction in the timing mechanism. As a result, the engine's power is reduced, as the phases of the gas distribution change. The fuel consumption considerably increases, start of the engine is sometimes impossible.

In some cases it is possible that the motor will berun normally and work without problems, until it warms up. But as soon as it warms up to 90 degrees and higher, the problems begin - the engine stalls, the traction decreases. There is a feeling that they blocked the access of air or gasoline to the fuel system. The valves VAZ-2114 1,6 are adjusted every 60 thousand km on the maintenance map.

Tools for repairs

Valve adjustment VAZ 2114 Injector

The first step is to measure the gapson a cooled engine with old washers. Then, using the formula, consider what the thickness of the new shims should be. Then you need to purchase new items with the calculated thickness. To work you will need the following set of tools:

  1. Car keys.
  2. The key for unscrewing candles.
  3. Probes (better fan).
  4. Device for squeezing valves (you can make adjustment without it, just have a good flat screwdriver).
  5. Adjusting washers (can be a set of different sizes).
  6. Gasket under the lid.
  7. Rags.

The cost of the set is not less than 2000 rubles, thereforeit will be cheaper to buy one by one. One puck costs 30-35 rubles. You may need a maximum of 8 pieces to adjust, that is, no more than 300 rubles. And the cost of adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 on the service station is 2-3 times more. Think, maybe it's worth overpaying a bit and entrusting the work to professionals?

Preparatory work

Valve adjustment VAZ 2114 Price

To prepare for the work required a number of actions:

  1. Set the car on a level platform.
  2. Let the engine cool down to 20 degrees. If you need to do this quickly, you can use a domestic fan for blowing.
  3. Remove the side plastic cover that covers the timing gear. To do this, use the key for 10 - unscrew the three mounting bolts.
  4. Remove the top metal cover from the head of the unit.
  5. Wipe the surfaces of excess engine oil.
  6. Examine the subject of scoring, wear marks and other defects camshaft, cams, pulley.
  7. To make it easier to scroll the crankshaft, unscrew all the candles.

Checking the clearances

Adjustment of valves VAZ 2114 1 6

Before you start adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114, you need to check the clearances. To check the clearances in the gas distribution system, you will need:

  1. Align the mark on the camshaft pulley with the projection on the cylinder head housing. So you set the top dead center to the first cylinder.
  2. To rotate the crankshaft, you can use the key to 19. And you can make it easier - raise the right side, turn on the fifth gear and rotate the wheel.
  3. For convenience, opposite the mark that is already on the pulley, make another one chalk or marker. The main thing that it was clearly visible.
  4. In this position, measure the gaps, countingfrom the camshaft pulley, at the 1 (exhaust) and 3 (inlet) valves. To do this, set the probe to 0.35 in the first gap. He must enter, barely touching the metal surfaces. Forces do not need to do this.
  5. After you need to check the second and fifth valves - rotate the pulley camshaft by 180 degrees.
  6. Turn the camshaft by another 180 degrees and check the clearances in the 6 and 8 valves.
  7. Last checked 4 and 7 - for this, rotate the camshaft another half turn.

Selection of new washers

To establish the correct clearance, some calculations will be necessary. To calculate the size of the new washer, you need a micrometer. We need to consider the example of how the selection of new washers:

  1. After measuring the gap, you found that it is not 0.35 mm, but 0.45 mm. This is more than the norm of 0.10 mm.
  2. When the washer was removed, a label of 3.70 mm was marked on its bottom. If you can not see the mark, take a measurement with a micrometer.
  3. To calculate the thickness of the new washer, you need to add the difference in the gap to the old one: 0,10 mm +3,70 mm = 3,80 mm.
  4. If there is no washer with a thickness of 3.80 mm, you can set 3.75 or 3.85 (permissible deviation from the norm).

If you get a number in the calculation, do nota multiple of 0.05, it is necessary to choose the size of the washer closest to the value. Install a new washer in place of the old one, this completes the adjustment of the valves on the VAZ-2114.



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Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work

Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work Adjusting the valves on the VAZ-2114 with your own hands: the features of the work