Aivazovsky Museum in Feodosia: address, time, reviews
Theodosia Art Gallery named after IK. Aivazovsky is one of the main attractions of the city. Thousands of tourists visit this museum every day, where the largest collection of the author is collected.
Ivan Aivazovsky was born in Feodosia in 1817 into an Armenian merchant family. In addition to Ivan, the family had four children, three sisters and a brother, who later became a monk.
Even in his childhood, young Ivan showed an interest in drawing, and also had musical abilities, thanks to which he learned to play the violin on his own. First, he graduated from the district school, then entered the Simferopol gymnasium, where they also noticed his talent. And after the gymnasium, he was able to enroll with the help of the mayor of the Petersburg Academy of Arts in 1833.
Aivazovsky studied with Maxim Vorobiev, with Philip Taner, with Alexander Zauerveyd and was able to graduate from the academy two years ahead of time.He was sent to the Crimea for independent work, and then on a business trip abroad.
During his life, Aivazovsky was married twice, first he married Yulia Grevs, with whom they gave birth to four daughters. But since Ivan Konstantinovich did not want to live in the capital, they separated from Yulya. Later he met Anna Nikitichna, who was 44 years younger than him.
Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky died at the age of 82 in his native city, in Feodosia, on April 19 in 1900, and was buried in the Armenian church.
The largest collection of paintings by the great artist is represented in the Aivazovsky Museum in Feodosia. The entire collection is located in two buildings, one of which is the main exhibition, and in the other opened the scientific department of the gallery.
The museum has more than 400 works, one of the main ones - "Among the waves" - is also represented in the house-museum of Aivazovsky. Everyone can not only see the work, but also to get acquainted with the historical background of this place and the artist himself.
In addition, where the scientific department is located, the biblical motifs of the artist are presented, as well as the works of the students and followers of the artist.
After Aivazovsky visited a business trip to Europe, he returned to St. Petersburg by an already famous artist. In the city he was able to get acquainted with Pushkin, Belinsky, constantly received new orders for painting pictures and often went to various salons.
But since Ivan Konstantinovich loved the sea, and this was his greatest passion and love, in 1844 he returned to his small but native city Theodosia.
In 1845, he decided to build a house on the coast, and a little later he opened an art gallery here, which was the first in the Russian Empire. 49 canvases were placed in it, which gradually became more and more, and later Aivazovsky had to add another building, as the work ceased to fit. Gradually the apartment building became a museum, and after death in 1900 the gallery passed into the "hands" of the city, because it was bequeathed to him by the artist himself in 1892.
When Soviet power was established on the peninsula, the Aivazovsky Museum in Feodosia was used for the departments of the Cheka and the Red Army, many paintings were heavily damaged at that time, and some were completely stolen. In 1922, the gallery received the status of a state museum, where the Museum of Art Values was also opened.
Separately, it is worth mentioning the time of the Great Patriotic War, when pictures of Aivazovsky were miraculously saved, and all thanks to the director Nikolay Barsamov. At the cost of incredible efforts, he was first able to bring the paintings to Krasnodar, then he was assigned to transport them to Stalingrad, but Nikolay Barsamov did not obey the order and sent the artist's canvases to Yerevan. At the cost of his life, Barsamov managed to keep Aivazovsky's work, although he knew that he could be punished for disobeying the order, but if the pictures were sent to Stalingrad, then they would be lost there forever.
When the Crimea was liberated in 1944, the paintings from Yerevan were brought back, and they no longer left the city.
As mentioned above, the entire Aivazovsky Museum in Feodosia is located in two buildings. Interestingly, the work, which was written more than 6 thousand, exhibited in the museum as they are written. This allows not only to see the works of art, but also to trace how the author’s style has changed and how his skills have been improved.
In addition to the works of Ivan Konstantinovich, there are also works of students, grandchildren, and followers.These are such famous artists as Adolf Fessler, Maximilian Voloshin, Arkhip Kuinji and others.
The most famous works that are presented in the Feodosia Art Gallery named after IK. Aivazovsky, are: the largest canvas "Among the waves", "Sea. Koktebel", "Sevastopol raid."
Special storage room
Ivan Aivazovsky was one of the richest artists in the Russian Empire, and in the secret room there were preserved valuables, dishes, figurines, cutlery and unique exhibits, like an easel with a notebook and a mahogany casket.
Also in the dark room is kept one of the most mystical paintings of Aivazovsky - “On the death of Alexander III”, which, according to the will, is not put up for public display, but is shown to a separate group of people.
Aivazovsky, when he learned of the death of the emperor, without any order, decided to paint a picture dedicated to the ruler. She conceived as the victory of life over death, but it turned out frightening. This is a large canvas, where real landscapes were placed: the Peter and Paul Fortress, the embankment, the glowing cross in the sky and the Neva River, and at the table a woman in all black, the king's widow, bowed.The master was able to paint a picture in such a way that from different angles you can see completely different characters, then this is a woman who grieves for her dead husband, or a man who laughs.
Address and how to get there
The address of the Aivazovsky Museum in Feodosia is easy to remember, because it is located on Gallery Street, 2 and Gallery Street, 4, respectively.
The museum is located near the city center. It is noteworthy that Theodosia is a small city, and to get to various attractions simply and quickly. From the train station you can walk, and from the bus station you can take the number 4 bus.
The museum is located on the waterfront, near the Museum of Antiquities and near the Alexander Green House Museum.
Aivazovsky Museum in Feodosia: time and cost
The museum is open every day, except Wednesday, from 10 to 20 hours, and on Tuesday - from 10 to 19.
Before you get to the museum, you need to buy a ticket, the price of which depends on what is selected:
- The cost of a ticket to the gallery with an excursion is 350 rubles for adults, 175 rubles for children, and 200 rubles for students and retirees.
- The cost without excursion service is different, but this price is valid from 17.30 to 19 hours.For adults, it is 300 rubles. For children - 150 rubles. For the privileged category of citizens - also 150 rubles.
Free visits to the Aivazovsky Museum in Feodosia are provided to certain categories of citizens, including children under 7 years old, veterans of the Second World War, disabled people of groups 1 and 2, and heads of children's groups. You can get acquainted with this information on the official website of the gallery.
These tickets apply only to the gallery and scientific department. To get into a special pantry, you need to pay 300 rubles, and to see one picture, "On the death of Alexander III", you must pay 3 thousand rubles separately, while the benefits for these tickets do not apply.
Aivazovsky Museum in Feodosia: reviews
Everyone who has ever been to Feodosia visited the Aivazovsky Museum, as it is one of the most important sights of the city, in which the great artist, known worldwide, was born.
Perhaps at different times it is impossible to see all the paintings, as they are often sent to exhibitions in different cities and countries, but it is important to see not only the works, but also the house where Ivan lived, and the house where his sister lived. Here you can not only get acquainted with the main occupationbut it is also easy to learn about the artist’s life, his parents and family through photographs, documents, memorial items, portraits that have survived to our time.