Artichoke: the benefits and harm, therapeutic properties and contraindications
Artichokes - what is it? Culinary delicacies with an original exquisite taste, effective natural remedies, containing in their composition a lot of active substances, unusual vegetables that are easy to grow on your own plot - these are artichokes.Herb plants were cultivated by the ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks. Today, the main supplier of such a unique product grown as a vegetable is Spain, Italy, Greece, France and the US state of California.
Artichoke in cooking
The artichoke fruit is used as food, which is an unblown flower bud with fleshy green scales and a taste that remotely resembles a walnut. Fruits of small size are ideal as snacks, medium-sized ones are good for culinary processing, and blooming blue flowers are original as decor.Such a product can be prepared by any means: fry in breadcrumbs, bake on the coals, boil in wine, stuff, blanch, preserve. Overseas fruit is delicious in salads and omelets, incomparable in pies and pizza, unique in the composition of the paste. Caloric content of 100 grams of artichoke is 28-47 kcal.
Purification of the “earthen thorn” (this is how the name of the plant in question is translated from Arabic) requires a certain skill: you first need to break off the external, coarse in structure leaves. Then trim the inner tender, scrape off the remaining villi, thus reaching the main goal - the fleshy core.
An important factor in the full disclosure of the taste of the vegetable is its freshness; It is not recommended to keep the product longer than 3-5 days, because already literally after cutting it begins to lose its flavor and sate with other smells. When stored, the artichoke darkens; This process can be stopped by immersing the vegetable in water with vinegar or lemon juice.
An artichoke, whose benefits and harms were evaluated several centuries ago, is capable of treating people.The healing properties of the plant are explained by its rich chemical composition:
- salts of iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, potassium, selenium, sodium, copper;
- vitamins A, B, K, E, C;
- organic acids;
- ascorbic, quinic, caffeic acid.
Useful properties of artichoke are appreciated by traditional medicine. The high content of inulin, which replaces starch, allows people suffering from diabetes to eat the fruits of the plant.
The use of artichokes has a beneficial effect on the digestive system and is especially important in case of poisoning with food, alcohol or drugs. Herbal teas and decoctions contain a high percentage of potassium and sodium salts, and help reduce the acidity of gastric juice in gastritis.
The unique product is considered a highly effective agent that has a bile and diuretic effect. Due to the rich chemical composition of the artichoke for the liver - just a godsend! As part of various drugs, the product is used in chronic hepatitis, nephritis, renal failure, cholecystitis, cirrhosis (initial stage).
The artichoke, the benefits and harms of which are especially interesting to fans of traditional medicine, is an excellent way to restore the microflora when taking antibiotics.
A unique vegetable has the ability to inhibit the development of malignant tumors. It is a rich source of fiber, contributing to:
- normalization of cholesterol and blood sugar;
- removal of toxic substances from the body;
- stimulate digestion;
- health of intestinal microflora;
- weight management.
The artichoke, the benefits and harms of which are studied all over the world, due to the high content of antioxidants fills the body with energy, gives strength and slows down aging.
100 g of the product contains 7 g of fiber; daily rate is 30-35 g.
Folic acid supplier
Artichoke, the benefits and harms of which depend on the volume of its consumption, contains a large amount of folic acid (vitamin B9): 20% of the daily allowance of an adult, or 68 mcg per 100 g of product. This element is an indispensable participant of such processes in the body as:
- synthesis of blood cells (leukocytes, erythrocytes, platelets);
- synthesis of amino acids and RNA, which is especially important for the formation of the fetus and the prevention of defects in its development;
- normalization of metabolism and digestive process;
- regulation of chemical processes and the development of new cells;
- regeneration of the skin;
- increased enzyme activity.
Folic acid increases the amount of methionine in the body - a building material for the “joy hormone” (serotonin). That is why vitamin B is often called the “good mood vitamin."
Use in traditional medicine
The sap of the plant has a beneficial effect on the condition of the hair, strengthens their roots. Its properties were assessed in ancient Greece: even then, the healing liquid was rubbed into the scalp, fighting baldness.
Artichoke juice is used to rinse the mouth during stomatitis and bad breath.
In Vietnam, tea is brewed from aboveground parts of the plant. It is believed that this pleasant taste and smell of the drink is effective in inflammatory processes of the intestine and stomach. Artichoke leaves added to meals help regulate cholesterol.
How useful artichoke for the liver and gallbladder? The therapeutic properties of this product are hepatoprotective and choleretic action.A plant is used in the form of a decoction of inflorescences: 40 g of dry raw materials need to be filled with boiling water (1 liter), infused, filtered. Drink 3 times a day and 1 glass for 20 minutes before meals.
A decoction of the leaves removes excess cholesterol, cleanses the blood, strengthens blood vessels, activates the functioning of the central nervous system. It is easy to prepare a potion: 2 tbsp. l dry raw material is required to pour 1 liter of boiling water, to insist 30 minutes, filtered. Drink 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals. Single dosage - 1 cup. It is recommended to add honey to taste.
Compresses made from artichoke-based decoctions are good for urticaria, eczema and psoriasis.
Artichoke for sexual power
Artichoke is considered the strongest aphrodisiac, stimulating and restoring sexual desire. This property of the plant was used at the time of Catherine de Medici by French ladies, who used its fruits to enhance attractiveness, passion and emancipation. Too licentious behavior was the reason why women in this country were forbidden to eat artichokes.
The ability of culture to enhance sexual libido and restore sexual function has been confirmed by modern sexologists.Freshly squeezed plant juice (about cup), consumed daily (morning and evening), will help men who have problems with potency.
If there are no disorders in the genital area, the kidneys can be used to enhance sexual desire. An excellent option would be a romantic dinner for which you will prepare dishes that contain artichokes.
Reviews of doctors regarding the use of this unique product to increase male stamina say: there must be a measure in everything! With uncontrolled admission may exacerbation of chronic diseases and the development of inflammatory processes.
Artichoke Extract: Application
Even supporters of official medicine (doctors) recommend their patients to use artichoke extract, which is part of a large number of drugs and dietary supplements. In particular, the healing substance is used as a choleretic agent or hepatoprotector (positively affecting the functioning of the liver) in the complex treatment of cirrhosis of the liver, fatty hepatosis, hepatitis, cholecystitis, biliary dyskinesia.May be administered together with antibiotics to protect the liver from the toxic effects of drugs.
The plant extract is characterized by fat burning properties, so many owners of excess kilograms turn to this drug for help. Doctors do not prescribe an artichoke for weight loss, as in fact the vegetable is more harmful to the figure than it is useful: it strengthens the appetite, thereby contributing to the maximum absorption of calories. Therefore, it is better to use it after meals.
Artichoke extract, usually produced in capsules, should be taken as prescribed by a doctor 15-30 minutes before meals 3 times a day. Daily dose - 20-30 ml. The duration of treatment from 2 weeks to 1 month, no more. Next, you need to take a break in 1-2 months, after which repeat therapy.
It is not recommended to use the artichoke for medicinal purposes in case of gastritis, hypotension (low blood pressure), cholelithiasis, chronic renal failure, as well as individual intolerance. Sometimes taking artichoke preparations can cause a number of side effects:
- abdominal pain;
It is worth noting that side effects are not frequent, but may occur with prolonged use of the drug or exceeding its dosage.
Answering the question: “Artichokes - what is it?”, We can state with confidence:
- These are useful vegetables, especially important for the liver.
- This decoration of any dish.
- These are producers of "hormones of joy."
- These are aphrodisiacs.
An artichoke, the properties of which are fully studied by both official and traditional medicine, should become an indispensable component of the human diet. This is a vegetable for health, for love, for a good mood!