Axillary lymph nodes
Subclavian and supraclavicular lymph nodescollect lymph from the face, neck, front of the chest and shoulder girdle. With cancer of the breast, lungs, stomach and pancreas, the increase in lymph nodes is determined between the two legs of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. And the lymph nodes located in the armpits are created to collect lymph from the hands, shoulders, parts of the chest and upper abdomen. The increase in axillary lymph nodes is, as a rule, a secondary disease. And it is associated with the presence of inflammation in some of those parts of the body that belong to the lymphatic pool in these lymph nodes. Axillary lymph nodes are inflamed under the influence of streptococci and other microgranules, but most often the cause of the disease is a mixed microflora. Inflammation of lymph nodes begins only when not only microorganisms, but also the toxins that they secrete, and the products of tissue decay from the focus of primary inflammation of such lymph are recorded in these very nodes. With the spread of the inflammatory process, not only the axillary lymph nodes themselves but also the surrounding tissues develop perlarenitis, an important diagnostic feature of which is the immobility of the nodes that become inflamed. Inflammation can be acute or chronic. Acute lymphadenitis, inflammation of the axillary lymph nodes, can proceed in different ways. With the timely elimination of the primary purulent focus, hyperemia disappears, the exudate resolves, the size of the nodes decreases, and the soreness quickly passes. In the presence of a highly virulent pathogen and a reduced immune response, purulent lymphadenitis usually develops.
Symptoms of it are as follows: Axillary lymph nodes are greatly enlarged, painful on palpation. The skin over them blushes. The closely located nodes and surrounding tissues are mixed into one conglomerate, they are immovable. The pains acquire a sharp character, the body temperature is close to the really dangerous for life figures. But if the axillary lymph nodes are constantly increasing, this indicates not only the presence of chronic lymphadenitis, but it can also be a symptom of the spread of metastasis of an oncological disease. For this reason, with a simultaneous increase in lymph nodes, it is necessary to perform a puncture biopsy and transfer the result to a histology.
Before starting treatment of lymphadenitis,remember that quite often the enlargement of the lymph nodes is a sign of other diseases. The increase in tonsils most often can be triggered by the presence of chronic inflammation, for example, chronic tonsillitis or carious teeth. Therefore, it is important to start getting rid of all potential foci of chronic infection. If lymphadenitis appeared as a reaction to them, then its manifestations will begin to decrease rather quickly, until they pass completely. As an independent disease, lymphadenitis in the vast majority of cases occurs as a complication of the local infectious focus - scuffs, abrasions, furuncles and the like. Microbial pathogens, most often staphylococci, with such a lymph flow into the lymph nodes. For example, if the focus of infection is spread on the leg, then primarily inguinal lymph nodes are affected, if on the arm, then, respectively, axillary. Therefore, the main preventive method is a qualitative primary surgical treatment of wounds, which can impede the development of inflammation.
At the initial stage of lymphadenitis, you can get byconservative methods of treatment. For the affected area, it is necessary to provide rest, to conduct physiotherapeutic and restorative procedures. It is actual to conduct antibiotic therapy to eliminate microorganisms causing inflammation, as well as putting cold compresses on the lymph nodes. And if the process of inflammation still reaches the purulent phase, then the lymph node is opened by a surgical method and cleared of pus.