Azithromycin during pregnancy: instructions for use and contraindications
Pregnancy is an important and crucial moment in the life of every woman. During this period, it becomes even more beautiful and literally blooms. However, at this very time, serious changes are taking place in the woman’s body, and she becomes vulnerable to various kinds of infections that can harm a child.
If you do not start treatment in time, the consequences can be very deplorable. Different types of diseases with improper or late treatment can lead to miscarriages, fetal abnormalities or premature birth. In this regard, antibiotics may be prescribed to a pregnant woman, although many believe that they are contraindicated during the period of gestation.
Often prescribed the drug "Azithromycin" during pregnancy. This drug is known for its broad spectrum of action and is designed to eliminate various kinds of infections.
Feature of the drug
A woman must undergo a full examination before pregnancy, but not all do. In addition, no pregnant woman is immune from colds and many other diseases. Even a minor bacterial infection can significantly harm the child or even provoke the death of the fetus. Therefore, it is important to timely treatment.
Quite often, doctors prescribe the drug "Azithromycin" during pregnancy, as it helps to eliminate various pathogens without harm to health. The composition of this drug is the active substance - azithromycin. It belongs to the group of macrolides and has good bactericidal properties, preventing the development of bacteria.
It is recommended to use this drug, starting only from the second trimester of pregnancy. This is due to the development of the fetus and possible risks. By about the 14th week, a placenta is formed that is able to protect the baby from the incoming substances.
Indications for use
Before using the drug you need to know from what "Azithromycin" is prescribed.When using the drug during pregnancy, a gynecologist's examination is required to evaluate the benefits and harms for the fetus and the woman. The drug is prescribed in such cases as:
- infectious processes occurring in the respiratory system;
- infectious lesions of the skin;
- infections of the urogenital system.
The drug is available in the form of tablets and capsules, as well as solutions for intravenous administration.
Is it possible during pregnancy?
Not all medicines are prescribed to pregnant women, as some of them can seriously harm the unborn baby. Doctors often prescribe the drug "Azithromycin", from which it helps the drug and at what time it is safe to take, every woman should know. It is worth remembering that he may have certain indications and contraindications that are necessarily taken into account.
The drug "Azithromycin" during pregnancy is prescribed for such diseases as:
- skin infection;
- stomach disease.
However, all these diseases are effectively treated with Azithromycin, only if they were provoked by microorganisms that are susceptible to the drug.The course of therapy and the dosage is determined only by the attending doctor, taking into account the patient’s condition, the severity and the nature of the course of the disease. In addition, it is important to take into account the individual characteristics of the patient. In any case, the drug is prescribed taking into account the duration of pregnancy, so that it does not harm the fetus.
Treatment of infections during pregnancy
The drug "Azithromycin" during pregnancy is considered the only macrolide that is officially authorized. It is an effective and fairly safe remedy that helps to eliminate various kinds of infections and microbes.
Women may be alerted that the instructions indicate that this drug is prohibited to take during pregnancy. However, it is worth noting that it is forbidden to take the drug "Azithromycin" during pregnancy in the first trimester, as this can harm the fetus.
The advantage of the drug is that it practically does not penetrate through the placenta to the baby. In this regard, the impact on the fetus is minimal. Given this factor, the drug "Azithromycin" during pregnancy (2 trimester) is not used for the treatment of intrauterine infections, as it will show a minimum level of activity.
Dosing and Administration
It is important to know not only whether “Azithromycin” during pregnancy, but also how to use it correctly, so as not to harm the fetus. Before using the drug, be sure to read the instructions. In tablet form, this tool is prescribed for the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system, skin, stomach and intestines. The drug for intravenous administration is intended for the treatment of serious diseases.
The dosage is selected strictly individually, taking into account the severity of the disease and the sensitivity of the organism. Take this drug 1 time per day for an hour before a meal or 2 hours after it. For diseases of the respiratory system, 0.5 g of antibiotic should be taken. With infections of the urogenital system, take 1 g of medicine per day. The course of therapy is 2-5 days, which is very convenient, since it is possible to quickly eliminate the symptoms of the disease. You need to take pills with plenty of water.
Many are interested in whether there are contraindications to "Azithromycin" during pregnancy. According to the instructions for use, this drug during the child's birth is prescribed only if the expected effect of the therapy outweighs the risks to the fetus.
Tests of the drug were not conducted on women carrying a child, so it is impossible to assess the effect of the drug on the pregnant woman and the fetus. However, there is still a certain risk classification for the child. The drug "Azithromycin" belongs to category B, because the experiments were conducted on pregnant animals and no negative effects on the fetus were found.
Today, studies are still being conducted regarding the effect of the drug Azithromycin on pregnant women, and, according to the results, the active substance is delivered to the fetus only in small quantities through the placenta. This makes it possible to conclude that using an antibiotic can effectively cure the infection of a pregnant woman, without causing harm to the fetus. You can not take medicine for liver disease and in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Side effects and interactions with other drugs
Like any other antibiotic, the drug "Azithromycin" has side effects. These include flatulence, nausea or vomiting, and sometimes there may be abdominal pain. In addition, possible allergic reactions, manifested in the form of skin rashes.
The main contraindications include hypersensitivity of the body to antibacterial drugs. In addition, this medicine is very carefully prescribed to patients who have impaired liver or kidney function.
With prolonged overdose, bile stasis can occur and an inflammatory process is formed.
If you are taking other drugs at the same time, you need to inform your doctor about this. The fact is that the drug "Azithromycin" may react with other drugs. It is incompatible with drugs containing heparin, and may well slow down the effect of some drugs, in particular, such as antacids, theophylline and many others.
The drug "Azithromycin" during pregnancy receives positive feedback, since this tool has a powerful antimicrobial effect. Doctors say that this medicine is good for coping with pneumonia, tonsillitis, chlamydia, gonorrhea and many other diseases.