Epstein-Barr virus or infectious mononucleosis
Type 4 Herpes
Epstein-Barr virus is a little-studied human herpesvirus that causes infectious mononucleosis, which, in turn, is also called “kissing disease” because the main carrier of the disease is the human saliva virus. However, it is also possible to transmit the disease in a household way. The disease was first described in 1961 by the English surgeon D.P. Burkitt. Working in African countries, the British collided, and then described about forty cases of a disease unknown to science, which some time later was named after him as Burkitt's lymphoma. Further medical research allowed to determine the cause of the disease in humans. She turned out to be a little-studied form of herpes, which later became known as Epstein-Barr virus. It is worth noting that the incubation period of the disease usually lasts about one to two months.Once in the body of any person through the mucous membrane, it begins to accumulate in the lymph nodes, and then infects the entire body through the blood and lymphatic system. In some African countries (Uganda, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria), the virus becomes the causative agent of Burkitt's lymphoma (a tumor usually localized in the jaw, less often in the kidneys or genitals).
Epstein-Barr virus: symptoms
According to medical statistics, about 90% of people had had this disease in childhood, which means that they acquired a strong immunity to it. Most often, children simply do not recognize the disease, taking it for the common cold, since it is less pronounced in them. Below is a list of symptoms, the appearance of which can lead to the assumption that the patient Epstein-Barr.
- The virus enters the human body through mucous membranes, spreading to other organs, so patients often have an enlarged liver and spleen, sometimes the disease affects the heart, skin or nervous system.
- An enlarged lymph nodes located in the jaw and on the back of the head, less often inguinal and axillary.
- The general indescribable malaise of the patient, accompanying him for a long time, including a few months after the disappearance of other symptoms.
- Corelike syt on various parts of the body: face, buttocks, torso.
- Viral pharyngitis.
- Temperature increase.
Epstein-Barr virus: treatment
Despite the fact that the disease is viral in nature, isolation of the patient is usually not required, since the virus is presumably capable of being transmitted even in the absence of any clinical manifestations. There is no definite tactic for treating this disease. Therapy is primarily aimed at curing the symptoms of mononucleosis. A person in whose body the Epstein-Barr virus was detected is given plenty of drink and a benign regimen. If there are other manifestations of the disease (fever and sore throat), the patient is prescribed appropriate therapy aimed at suppressing these symptoms.