Is it freezing frost?
In Russian there are words, the meaning of which is far from being known to all of its speakers due to their limited use. These words include "frost". If you pay attention to the appearance of the word, it is not difficult to guess that it denotes a natural phenomenon, but not everyone can determine exactly which one. Upon closer examination, the word “frost” can also be defined in the word, which indicates the connection between the notion of “frost” and the word “frost” and its derivatives (“frost”, “freeze”, etc.). But how exactly the concepts, denoted by all these words, remain, remains a mystery.
In order to accurately determine the meaning of the word “frost”, it is necessary to refer to the explanatory dictionaries, in which are given the contexts in which it can function.
Dictionary Meaning S.I. Ozhegova
The most popular and authoritative today can be considered the explanatory dictionary of S. I. Ozhegov, according to which frost is a certain type of precipitation in the form of snow particles, shaped like crystals, which is formed on various surfaces with a sharp temperature drop. For example:frost on the branches of trees, frost on the grass, frost on the ground, etc.
Dictionary Value by T. F. Efremova
Recently, the explanatory dictionary of T. F. Efremova has become increasingly popular with teachers, journalists, and professional philologists. In this book several interpretations are given at once:
- According to the first and most used of them, the frost is the snowflake-like particles of ice that are formed in frosty weather when the fog settles. This definition is very similar to the interpretation of the Ozhegov dictionary.
- According to the second, frost is a type of precipitation, which is a thin layer of ice that forms in cold weather with high humidity. The author of the dictionary indicates that in this sense the word most often functions in colloquial speech.
- Also, according to the dictionary, frost is a cloud of air that is formed when breathing in frosty weather. In this sense, the word is also rarely used.
- And finally, frost is, according to the fourth meaning in the Ephraim dictionary, a special type of precipitation in the form of a mixture of small ice and snow. This value is also marked as colloquial.
As we can see, dictionaries give several interpretations to the word of interest. Despite the fact that they all have something in common, the meaning of the word has not been settled, and different native speakers imply, although similar, but not identical phenomena. Why is this happening?
A bit of history
The fact is that the word "frost" for a long time did not take root in the literary language, it was understood to a few of its carriers and was perceived as dialectal. Such conclusions can be made by referring to the dictionary Ushakov. Today, it is safe to say that the word has entered the literary language and has a certain meaning, fixed in the dictionaries.
Sometimes in order to better understand the meaning, it is necessary to refer to the dictionary of synonyms. In this case, the dictionary offers only two rather distant from each other by the meaning of the synonym - “frost” and “cover”. However, if we correlate these data with definitions in explanatory dictionaries, we can come to the conclusion that synonyms essentially reflect two basic meanings of the word:
- frost is small crystals of ice or snow;
- frost - a thin cover of ice on the soil or other surface.
The described word is also interesting from the point of view that it is close in sound and writing to the word "drizzle". But you should pay attention to the fact that they have completely different meanings and should not replace each other in speech. They denote concepts associated with different phenomena - frost (frost) and drizzle (frost).