How to distinguish allergies from colds in adults and children?
As a rule, at the first symptoms of a cold, patients begin treatment. But after some time they notice that it is ineffective. And all because they confused ARI with allergies. In order to make sense of treatment, you need to know how to distinguish allergy symptoms from a cold. This error occurs when identifying the disease not only in adults but also in children.
Why allergies and cold are similar
As well as cold, the allergy has mainly seasonal character. Most often the disease begins (or worsens in the case of allergies) either in autumn or in spring. Sometimes allergies and colds can occur at the same time. In the first days, when the state of health changes and discomfort appears in the nasopharynx, it is especially difficult to recognize whether it is an allergy or ARVI. However, there are several characteristic features that almost eliminate the error.
With a cold infection:
- sneezing is rare but severe;
- copious discharge from the nose - first transparent, then thick and with pus;
- In addition to the common cold, other signs of an infectious disease appear, such as fever.
- frequent and superficial sneezing;
- watery discharge from the nose;
- itching in the eyes or nose.
How to distinguish allergies from colds? If the jaw whines - it happens when you have a cold - then the question is removed. If within 10 days sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose - then it is an allergy. The temperature during allergies does not rise above normal.
Knowing the signs of infectious inflammation, you can easily understand how to distinguish allergies from colds in adults. But the symptoms can be confused when the child is ill. Have their own features. They will be discussed further.
Cold or pollinosis?
Allergen champions are believed to be insects that are in house dust. In second place allergic "rating" - flowers. Although with the onset of spring, probably, the first place still remains for pollinosis, and not for dust.
Spring is the time of exacerbation of all sorts of allergic reactions. “Dusting” flowers and trees: alder, birch and hazel. By the way, allergic inconvenience from pollen affects citizens more - allergies are diagnosed to residents of the city six times more often than villagers. This feature is explained by air pollution in the city.
In the spring months, begins to disturb the nasal congestion, sneezing, runny nose with discharge, sore throat - is it an allergy or ARVI? When bacteria and viruses "make their way" to the body, releasing poisons and toxins, they destroy the protective mucus. The body is very cunning "expels" pests: when sneezing, it gets rid of excess mucus, along with microbes. This neutralizes the attack of viruses. Therefore, sneezing is useful for sneezing, and those who are close to him during sneezing, it is better to take care.
For allergies, an irritating agent with sneezing will not go away.
How to escape from an allergen
Pollinosis is easily mistaken for a virus, but a skin test done at the clinic will relieve you of doubts about how to distinguish a cold allergy.
The doctor will prescribe antihistamines. But besides them, you can protect your eyes with glasses, and your nose with “umbrellas”. Various sprays and massage on points on a nose also well help to get rid of penetration of allergen. Some agree on injections.
Why treat allergies?
Sometimes allergies can appear during a cold and be complicated by infectious inflammation. An allergic reaction causes swelling of the mucous membranes, and this makes it difficult to release secretions.And the longer the treatment for allergies or colds is not, the greater the likelihood of complications from an inflammatory infection.
The sinuses must be cleansed completely. If mucus accumulates, it will lead to secondary inflammation - viruses and microbes will still be in the cavity. Therefore, it is necessary to treat allergies in time. As soon as you feel nasal congestion, which is accompanied by excessive and frequent sneezing, and itching appears, you should consult a doctor so that he can promptly prescribe treatment.
In addition to following the medication course, try to give up spicy foods, smoking, alcohol and dairy products.
Why does a baby runny nose
The nasal cavity first meets harmful viruses and bacteria that can cause inflammation. A runny nose, or rhinitis, is caused by a variety of viral and bacterial agents. By themselves, they do not cause great concern, however, like any viral process, they may have severity and be accompanied by symptoms of intoxication.
As a rule, a healthy body of a child is able to cope with a cold in 7-10 days.If the disease is delayed, it is worth thinking about that runny nose accompanies other diseases.
Bacteria or allergen?
The mucous membranes in the child’s body should form mucus. This is a protective anti-inflammatory factor. If a discharge appears, you need to determine the cause in a timely manner.
Viral infections predominantly provoke clear, liquid mucus. With bacterial agents, thickening of the secretions and discoloration occurs. Parents lead the child to the pediatrician, who sees swelling of the mucous membranes and prescribe vasoconstrictor drugs. However, nasal secretions can also trigger non-infectious agents. For example, allergic components that, penetrating into the nasal cavity, in the respiratory tract, will also cause an abundance of mucus.
How to distinguish allergies from colds in children
Autumn and spring - the time when people with colds and aggravation or continuation of allergic diseases begin to turn to doctors. Sometimes, not only parents know how to distinguish a cold from a child, and doctors are also at a loss. As with the disease in adults, the symptoms of SARS and allergic reactions are similar.
How to distinguish allergies from colds in a child in the spring? The child sniffed dandelion - began a runny nose, watery eyes, cough. This is an atypical reaction - an allergic one.
The first sign - a runny nose. Parents should remember that with a cold it goes away in a week, and with allergies it lasts a long time, and you cannot get rid of it yourself. Ask the child about the sensations. If he starts talking about the appearance of itching and burning, then it is allergic rhinitis. Transparent discharge from the nose is also observed, and breathing is difficult during sleep.
Allergies can appear in children from two years.
How to identify the allergen
Differential diagnosis may be difficult, special studies will be required.
Sometimes parents are afraid of allergy examination procedures, believing that it will hurt the child. And it is completely in vain. For the analysis using several variants of tests. A small and shallow scratch on the skin is often done, less than a trace from the cat's claws. The child does not feel pain.
Allergens are placed in vials. It concentrates allergens from dog hair, mandarin, house dust, cow's milk, etc.
An allergist after a conversation with his parents will schedule an examination for a specific group of allergens.
Sometimes parents are asked to conduct a survey on all allergens that are available in the collection of the allergist. But this is impossible, because it can lead to anaphylactic shock and the appearance of a reaction to various allergens. Although at once it is safe to do some research on allergens.
How to distinguish allergic cough from infectious
Cough is one of the symptoms of ARVI and allergies. And to understand its nature, you need to know the features of the manifestation of cough. If it is caused by an infection, then there will be a fever.
If the general condition is unchanged and there are no other symptoms besides cough, then a significant likelihood is an allergic cough.
Parents should inform the doctor about possible conditions that could affect the child's well-being. The doctor, when examining a child with a cough, may not know that yesterday you first used a new laundry detergent. The doctor should be informed about what changes have occurred in the life of your child. Then he can make the correct diagnosis.
Two causes of cough in children occur most often: from infection and an allergic agent. And in 90% of cases, the cough appears due to SARS.Along with him begins a cold and fever. And before that, the child was in contact with an infectious patient, from whom he took the virus.
And if only a cough is observed, most likely it is not a viral infection.
Allergic rhinitis during pregnancy
How to distinguish allergies from colds in pregnant women? By the same features as described above. But there is a difference in the principles of treating a cold and allergies. You must rely on the advice of a doctor and not allow self-medication. If the doctor has established an allergy, then before using the medications, it is usually suggested to try to exclude an allergen, such as pollen, for a start.
- Nasal filters that insert into the nose can help - they prevent the nasal mucosa from contact with the allergen.
- The effect of allergens is also stopped by special sprays that create a film on the mucous membrane.
- It is better to refuse to travel to household plots, to a forest or park during the period when the plant allergens are in bloom.
- The use of an air cleaner in the room is recommended.
- If possible, it is better to move to another region for a while, where flowering does not occur.
If these barriers do not help and the allergen enters the body, causing a pronounced reaction, consult a doctor. You can not take uncontrolled vasoconstrictor drugs that improve nasal breathing, but are not harmless. Only a doctor can select a therapy that is harmless to a pregnant woman and child. Today, there are drugs that can help, are able to relieve troubling symptoms without affecting the mother and the future baby.
Runny nose or allergies in an infant?
Parents need to know how to distinguish allergies from colds in infants.
If a runny nose does not pass for a long time and rashes begin, then, most likely, this is an allergy. The doctor will prescribe the correct treatment, but the parents can save the baby from the accumulations of mucus - both with a cold and an allergic reaction.
It is usually recommended to drip into the spout means diluting the nozzles. They moisturize the nasal mucosa and prevent the development of complex rhinitis. Drops based on seawater can be used. It is enough to drip in one drop of money in each nostril. After five minutes, you can "suck" a small pear cluster of mucus.In order for the procedure to be successful and not cause discomfort to the baby, lightly hold the head of the child with your hand: if it turns, nothing will work.
It is also possible to use the drops allowed to babies.