How to find out the gestational age?
Not all women know the current gestational age, especially when not much time has passed since conception. But it is important to understand that when carrying a child there are no trifles. Knowing the duration of pregnancy will allow you to correctly calculate the date of the expected birth, monitor the state and health of the woman in the situation, and the development of the fetus. Therefore, it is important to find out this moment. How to find out the gestational age is described in detail below.
Method One: Conception Day
You can find out the gestational age by day of conception. This date always coincides with the day of ovulation, since after the release of an egg from the ovary, it remains viable only for 1 day. Ovulation itself is manifested in the following symptoms:
- transparent, odorless discharge from the genitals;
- tingling in the abdomen and ovaries;
- excessive sexual desire.
Method two: the last menstruation
The term can be determined by the date of the last menstruation. Here, the countdown is the first day of the onset of bleeding (menstruation), because from this moment the egg cell begins to develop, which later will be fertilized by spermatozoa.In order not to make a calculation by this method manually, you can use a special calculator. It can be found here. It only indicates the date of the last menstrual period, which serves as the starting point of pregnancy, and the calculator automatically performs all necessary calculations and gives the date of conception and childbirth, as well as the current term.
Method Three: Ultrasound
Even an early pregnancy can be detected by an ultrasound examination, which is absolutely painless. In this case, the date of conception, this method allows you to determine as accurately as possible, especially if the ultrasound is performed in the first trimester. After all, it is during this period that the fetus undergoes the most noticeable metamorphosis and changes almost every day. If an ultrasound examination is performed in the final stages of pregnancy, then there may be a small error in 5-12 days.
Method Four: Biochemistry
Some women, in order to find out how long they are pregnant, resort to this method. It provides for biochemistry, during which blood is taken and sent for analysis.It allows you to determine exactly what amount of human chorionic gonadotropin is present in the blood of a woman. Then it is correlated with certain terms and identify at what stage of development is the fetus. It is important to go to donate blood for biochemistry in the morning. Eating before this is not recommended.
Method Five: palpation examination
To obtain objective data, you can resort to this option. It provides for vaginal examination, which is conducted by an obstetrician. He quickly determines the duration of gestation by the size of the uterus by manually probing it. But it is important that such an examination be carried out only by an experienced doctor, since the reliability of the results directly depends on this.
Method Six: movement of the fetus
This option is not very accurate, moreover, if you have an early term, it will be impossible to use it, because the baby starts to move only from the 18th week of pregnancy and only occasionally from 16. Accordingly, if you feel some movement inside the abdomen that not previously observed, it is possible to immediately indicate the gestational age at about 18-19 weeks.
Of course, every woman chooses for themselves the most suitable option, which will allow her to find out the duration of pregnancy. However, it is best if it is installed by experienced professionals. This means that you should consult an obstetrician, undergo an ultrasound examination, or donate blood for biochemistry.