How to insulate the house from the outside with penokpleksom own hands: step by step instruction
As a foam insulation insulation is usedtoday is quite widespread. It is preferred by many consumers, because this insulation can act not only as an external layer, but also as an inner layer. The installation technique provides for the need to observe certain nuances.
The master can have difficulties avoidingwhich will be possible, taking advantage of the advice of experienced specialists. Before you warm the house from the outside with penoplex by yourself, you should familiarize yourself with the technologies, one of which you can use in practice.
Things to consider before starting work
Before installing the penowith the features of the material, it is important to study its properties and characteristics. Penoplex is styrofoam, which is manufactured by extrusion. The technology provides for the use of foam plastic. The raw material undergoes heat treatment and acquires strength.
A great misconception of newcomers is incorrectchoice of technology works. Some work with penokleksom, as with traditional expanded polystyrene. However, this does not indicate that it is not worth using wet technology. You may wonder why instead of penopolix it is not worth using a conventional foam, because it has a lower cost and high adhesion. The answer to this question is that the material is characterized by high strength and vapor permeability, as well as low thermal conductivity.
Why choose outdoor insulation
In the process of designing a building,Choose the right layer of materials in the wall. When the internal thermal insulation is carried out, the dew point moves inside the house, the walls begin to sweat, the humidity rises and mold begins to form. If the insulation becomes wet, it loses its properties due to the constant temperature changes inside the walls.
How to properly insulate a wooden house from the outsidepenokleksom, you can find out if you read the article. However, if you still have not decided what type of thermal insulation to choose - outdoor or indoor, it is better to pay attention to the first technology, because it does not steal free space inside the premises, in addition, the formed layer will not break the repair in the house.
Formation of a wet facade
Before we warm the house outside with a pen-plexwith your hands, you should familiarize yourself with the technology of "wet facade", which allows you to insulate buildings and apartments. This solution helps make the appearance of the building more attractive. But in the case of wooden structures, the wet facade does not fit. In all other cases, it is necessary to act step-by-step.
What materials will be needed?
If you are thinking about the question of howinsulate the house from the outside with penokpleksom own hands, then you need to follow a certain algorithm. At the first stage, materials are prepared. It is very important to choose the right adhesive, it is better to use foam. Still need the following materials:
- adhesion primer;
- a primer that penetrates deep into the structure;
- reinforced mesh of fiberglass;
Warming the facade is necessary with the use of 50-mm material. This value is minimal. Plates are laid in 2 layers, with the need to exclude the coincidence of seams.
If you are faced with the task of how to insulatehouse outside the penoplex with their own hands, it is important to take care of the preparation of the walls. To do this, remove the antenna and visors, after it is necessary to ensure the base strength. If it has peeling plaster patches, then they are removed.
The walls are covered with a primer. The work can be done with a paint roller, but a brush also works. The primer is applied a thin layer over the entire surface. After waiting for the drying of the walls, you will have to repeat the procedure.
Installing a Penoplex
If you decide to insulate the house from the outside with foam,then after the completion of the preparatory work, you can proceed to gluing the material. First, the start profile is set. The lower plates are leveled. The profile is attached using dowel-nails. During operation, it is important to position the profile as horizontally as possible using the building level. Application of glue-foam is carried out on the insulation sheet in the center and around the edges, after which the plate is pressed against the surface. Acting on such an algorithm, it is necessary to cover the whole insulated surface.
Plates should be located to each othermaximally tight, this will eliminate the formation of cracks. Begin laying the second row is necessary with some displacement, to get a chess masonry. The corners are bandaged. When there is no free space on the walls, it is necessary to install insulation material on the slopes. For this, the slabs are cut into individual panels in size. The material is mounted on dowels, which are called umbrellas.
If you decide to insulate the house from the outside with foam,then the fastening in the case of slopes is mounted on the joints. The hat is recessed in the material, the dowels are not fixed by dowels. In order to increase the level of thermal insulation of the facade, it is necessary to insulate the foundation as well. It must be unearthed, cleaned of dirt, and then pasted with a heater. Then the foundation is buried back.
In addition to sticking a penoplex
Adhesive material with subsequent fasteningmechanically is a more reliable approach than any other technology. Work should start from the bottom corner. To do this, prepare a small and large spatula. The first you will apply a solution to a large tool.
If the walls are perfectly aligned, then it is possible to applyglue with a notched trowel. If you decide to insulate the walls of the house from the outside with foam, it is important to check the level differences, they should be less than 1 cm. In all other cases, the glue is covered with thick piles.
The mixture is applied to walls, not to sheets, becausethe latter are not so rough, so they can not grab firmly. The amount of glue can be adjusted depending on the facade drop. The sheet is applied to the surface and presses against it well. On the penokleks for tight joining of sheets on the ends, quarters should be chosen, which exclude the formation of cold bridges.
The subsequent nailing of a heater
Mechanical fasteners are installed after 3 daysafter fixing the sheets with the help of glue, during this time the composition will seize well. If you plan to do the work yourself, then this time will be released by itself, because the facade you will warm the areas. This is due to the fact that half of the work is done from the ground, while the other part - with the help of scaffolding and scaffolding.
When home masters decide to insulate the foundationat home outside the penokleksom, they choose mechanical fasteners. It is better to use fully plastic, because their price is lower, in addition, they do not contribute to the transfer of cold, unlike metal. However, the cheapest dowels are still not worth choosing, because they will bend when hammered. In the selected area, holes are drilled with a 10 mm drill. The depth should be more than the length of the fungus, by 2 cm. One sheet will need about 6 umbrellas, if necessary, more holes can be made, especially in the corners.
Working with the material surface
Если перед вами встал вопрос о том, как утеплить a private house outside the penokleksom, then you must take care also of the appearance of the facade. Since the expanded polystyrene has a smooth surface, it must be roughened so that the lining is well laid. The work is carried out in a certain sequence. First, the surface is treated with sandpaper, in addition, you can use a needle roller.
The substrate is applied with an adhesive primer. Joints of plates should be filled with glue-foam. Perforated corners are glued to the outer corners. During their installation, it is necessary to use the building level, then the masters begin to install the reinforcing mesh.
Carrying out reinforcement
External insulation of the insulation must begin withreinforcement. First you will proceed to the slopes. To do this, Ceresit CT 83 glue is diluted in water. The resulting composition is applied to a slope to which a mesh is applied. By the same scheme it is necessary to act when reinforcing the walls of the facade. After that, the finish is finished.
If you want to insulate a brick house outsidepenokleksom, it will be necessary to carry out also decorative finishing of thermal insulation. It is important to follow a certain algorithm. The facade is first treated with a primer, and then the surface is covered with a layer of plaster. The composition is diluted in water.
После схватывания штукатурки поверхность rubbed with malka. As soon as the layer dries, you should use the roller, which is applied to the paint. Such a finish should be two-layer. Covering should be done with special care, applying layers evenly. On this finish the facade with a wet method can be considered complete.
Thermal insulation of the facade
Если перед вами встала задача о том, как утеплить a wooden house outside with foam, then you can also use a dry method. As a result, it will be possible to obtain a hinged facade, which is quite common. During installation, it is not necessary to carry out wet work, so manipulations can be made in any weather. In addition, this method of finishing allows you to choose almost any method of lining.
The system will be ready to last much longer. In the case of a wooden building, warming the house with foam by dry technology is an excellent option. At the first stage, materials are prepared, among them:
- material for decoration;
- vapor barrier film;
- protective impregnation.
Brackets must have metal profiles, but you can also use wooden slats. As for protective impregnation, it is used in the case of wooden walls.
Quite often before the house masters stands upthe question of how to properly insulate the house from the outside with foam. At the first stage, the walls are prepared. If the house is built of concrete blocks or bricks, dust and dirt are removed from the surface, and then the facade is treated with a special impregnation. Then it is possible to proceed with the thermal insulation of the intervening gaps, which are filled with a suitable material. The next stage is the installation of the frame, on which the penoplex will be retained.
Work on the skeleton
Before we warm the house outside with a pen-plexunder siding, you need to create a frame. Its formation is carried out in one of several ways. As an example, consider the construction on the brackets. The walls are marked, which will allow to designate the location of the racks, the distance between them is 0.5 m. The brackets are fixed to the received lines with the help of self-tapping screws.
Then the facade is covered with a pen-plex methodstringing on the brackets. If there is a warming of the wooden house, the slots between the plates do not become dumplings. The insulation is installed vapor barrier, through which moisture will not enter through the cracks on the walls. In the brackets are fixed racks. On this process of warming can be considered complete.
If you are still in search of the mostsuitable material for the insulation of the facade, it is better to choose penokleks, and some experts consider it an ideal option. The structure of thermal insulation is unique, it provides low thermal conductivity and excellent performance characteristics.