How to make satellite channel settings yourself
How to configure satellite channels? Without experience, it is difficult to install the antenna. But you can figure it out on your own. If you have the patience and no desire to pay installers for their services, then this instruction is for you.
These same experts after all once were without experience andknowledge, like you. But they learned their craft. Make an effort, and you will succeed. Moreover, after training on your antenna, you can provide services to your friends or relatives.
Be prepared for the fact that once you can not do anything. Perhaps the first setting and installation of the antenna can take a week, but then all these actions you can perform in a couple of hours.
Select a satellite
Before setting the satellite settingschannels, you need to decide which satellite you will receive them from. In space, a huge number of such objects fly, and they all broadcast different TV channels.
On the territory of Russia, the signals of the following devices are perfectly acceptable:
Hot Bird at 13.0 degrees east longitude (several Russian channels and a large package of adult channels);
Express AMU1 at 36 degrees c. etc. ("Tricolor TV" and NTV +);
Express AM6 at 53.0 degrees c. e.
Yamal 402 at 54.9 degrees c. e.
Express AT1 at 56.0 degrees c. etc. ("Tricolor TV Siberia" and NTV + East);
ABS 2 at 75.0 degrees c. etc. (MTS TV);
Horizons 2 & Intelsat 15 at 85.0 degrees c. etc. ("Continent of TV" / "Telecard")
Yamal 401 at 90.0 degrees c. e.
Express AM33 at 96.5 degrees c. e.
Of course, there are other satellites, but theseare in demand because of the large number of Russian-language channels. On all other objects of Russian channels there is no or they are, but in a very small amount.
On these there are both open channels, andpaid. In the list above, all the paid packages were indicated in parentheses. Note that "Tricolor TV" and NTV + are broadcast at 36 and 56 degrees, but are called a little differently. Channels and frequencies there are slightly different. Moreover, the encoding used is also different.
The satellite, located at the 56 degree position, is most oriented towards the eastern part of Russia. And the packages located at the 36 degree position are on the European side.
If you do not plan to buy cards forpaid viewing or using sharing, then you need to choose such satellites, where many free channels are broadcast. For example, a multifid consisting of satellites at positions 75, 85 and 90 is an excellent option. All these signals can be received on one antenna, since they are located close to each other. They can catch a lot of open Russian channels.
If you have a large antenna at home (diameter 180centimeters), then on the edges you can hang up a couple more heads. But from scratch without experience, you will make it difficult. First catch at least something head in the center (as shown in the picture), and then do additional attachments to receive other satellites.
Selection of equipment for viewing
To set up satellite TV channels andFurther viewing you need special equipment. A complete set can always be bought in specialized stores. If you want to watch NTV +, MTS TV, "Tricolor TV" or something else, then you can buy equipment along with the receiver in the same place.
If you do not plan to watch paid channels, use sharing or look only open, then buy better at a store that is not connected to these television providers.
Satellite antennas and heads are practically everywherethe same. But there is one difference. Some channels are broadcast at frequencies with circular polarization, and some - with linear. In the heads for circular polarization inside a special plate is installed, which refracts the signal.
Satellite tuners are also different. It is advisable to take modern ones that support the latest generation digital television. The old models do not accept many channels.
Satellite channel settings are made only after the antenna is assembled.
Strengthen it as firmly as possible. Otherwise, in strong winds, it will shift. A change in position for at least a couple of millimeters will greatly change the signal quality.
Of course, it is necessary to firmly fix the legs first, but not the entire antenna. Otherwise it will be motionless.
When attaching the antenna, you need to choose such a position that it looks in the direction where this or that satellite is located.
Now you can find many programs that help determine their position using GPS. You will only need to point the antenna in the direction that the phone will tell you.
Setting up satellite channels
Independently tuning of channels of the satellite aerial is made by means of the satellite receiver or the special equipment. An example is shown in the figure below.
If you do not plan to do this in the future, then there is no need to spend extra money. It is better to use the receiver that you bought for viewing. He also catches the signals perfectly.
You need to open the channel frequency table of the satellite you want and drive the desired value into the receiver.
If you have a modern model, then fresh and operating frequencies must be programmed in its base, which greatly facilitates the search. You do not have to manually enter so many numbers.
After you have entered the frequency, the flow rate,indicated the polarization, you will need to move the antenna and head until the signal quality is as high as possible. If the signal quality is poor, your picture will disappear, then have different interference. And in bad weather you will only see the picture of Malevich. Therefore, you need to try to achieve the maximum signal level.
Once you get the best signal, you needStart the search so that the channels are fixed in the database. The principle of operation of all receivers is the same. Only the design changes. In addition, there are always clues.
Set up satellite channels on your TV
Settings for satellite channels on the TV can beto produce according to the same principle. Only the receiver is used built-in, not external. But here there are minuses. Built-in receivers in the TV can not open paid channels with the help of sharing or any firmware. You will only have to look at open channels or buy an official card.
Before setting up the antenna, a lot ofjust think and learn where and what channels are broadcast. Note that many of them are duplicated on all Russian-speaking satellites. Therefore, it makes no sense to catch them all to one.