How do you spell non adjectives?
The rules for writing a particle "not" with one or another part of speech occupy a sufficient amount of time in the educational process. However, the rules of the Russian language are so diverse that, unfortunately, difficulties arise not only among the guests of our homeland, but also among the inhabitants themselves. Today we look at how to spell "not" with adjectives, as well as with other parts of speech.
Writing a particle "not" with adjectives
- If the word can pick up a synonym
For example, bad - bad, inexpensive - cheap.
Note: if the text contains an explanatory word, the spelling of the particle remains unchanged.
For example, a place unknown to me, incomprehensible reasons.
- If the adjective is not used without the particle "no"
For example, careless (styling), nondescript (appearance), awkward (girl).
- If the adjective ends in "my"
For example, incorrigible, indestructible.
- If there is an opposition in the sentence expressed by the union "but"
For example, the river is shallow, but cold.
- If there is an interconnection with the help of unions "a" and "but" without opposition (i.e., unions are equal to the union "and")
For example, the house is small and spacious.
- If there are adverbs of measure and degree in the text (absolutely, absolutely, too, a little, extremely, almost)
For example, completely irrelevant information.
Note: the short form of the adjective with "not" is written in the same way as its full form.
For example, incurable disease - the disease is incurable.
- If the sentence has an opposition expressed by unions
For example, a man is not young, but old.
- If the sentence contains negative pronouns and particles intended to reinforce the negative load (to no one, nothing, not at all, far away, not at all)
For example, no one needs information. Nothing remarkable day.
- The presence in the text of the comparative degree of the adjective
For example, the winter down jacket was no warmer coat.
- If an adjective implies a hyphenated spelling
For example, non-business activities (store).
- As with all the rules of the Russian language there are words whose spelling just needs to be remembered.
For example, not happy, not ready, disagree, not ready, not like, not right.
Note: The short form of an adjective is written with "not" in the same way as its full form.
For example, a child is not stupid, but intelligent - a child is not stupid, but smart.
Read our article Writing Rules not | Not with verbal adjectives. In the publication you will also find rules for writing particles with participles.
Spelling particles most convenient to check the rules, which are decorated in the form.
General rules for writing particles with different parts of speech
- The particle is written together with all parts of speech in the event that without the word "not" the word is not used.
- Usually the particle is written separately with verbs and undergrown. Exception: if the word is not used without "not." The second exception: the prefix "under".
- The particle is written together with nouns and adjectives, if you can pick up a word with similar meaning.
- The particle is written together with adjectives in the event that there is an opposition in the text.
- The particle is written separately with nouns, if the sentence has opposition.
- The particle is written together with negative pronouns (for example, no one, nothing).
- With the remaining pronouns, it is assumed that the particle is written separately (for example, not by me).
You can check the spelling of a particle by contacting a spelling dictionary for help. For example, the spelling of some words can be found.
Another helper will be an online service (for example,).
In addition, it is important to distinguish between the particle "not" and "neither." More information can be found with the rules.
Interesting facts about the Russian language
The longest Russian word contains thirty five letters. In Russian, there are words beginning with the letter "s" and words having three letters "e" in a row. Interesting to know the details? Then read on.
- The longest Russian word that was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records in 1993 is “X-ray electrocardiographic”. Ten years later, a new word appeared, the length of which exceeds by two letters - “beyond the limits of a peer examiner”.
- We have words that begin with the letter "s". However, these words are the name of Russian rivers, cities and villages (for example, Ygyatta is a river in the west of Yakutia or Ynakhsyt is a village in Yakutia).
- The word that has three letters "e" in a row is snake eat.In addition, words ending in "necks" also have three letters in their composition (for example, long-necked, short-necked).
- Many words that contain the letter "f" are borrowed from other languages (for example, federation, jacket, professor).
- The Russian language has more than seventy words beginning with the letter "y" (for example, yeti, iota, yohimbin). Few people know about the existence, and even more so the meaning of these words. In the lexicon of an ordinary person, there are three or four words with the letter “y” (yoga, iodine, yogurt).
- The word "take out" has no root.
- In Russian, there is only one monosyllabic adjective (which has one syllable in its composition) - “evil”.
- Russian scientist and writer, as well as the compiler of the explanatory dictionary, Vladimir Ivanovich Dal, suggested replacing the Greek word "atmosphere" with the Russian "kolozemitsa" or "peacemaker".
- In Russia, abusive words were called "ridiculous verbs."
- The verb in Russian can be incompletely conjugated. Such a verb is called insufficient. A vivid example of this is the word "win." The verb has no first person singular form. That is, I can not say "win" or "win". In this case, replacing constructions come to the rescue - I will win or I will be the winner.