How to treat lichen in children
Inflamed skin areas with a changed color,itching and scaling are considered to be deprived. The appearance of it on the scalp may be accompanied by hair loss. The main species are infectious, since their pathogens are fungi and viruses, but there are also non-contagious species of lichen, for example, red flat.
The most common are:
Microsporia and trichophytosis (ringworm)affect the scalp, causinghair loss and itching in this area. Pathogen - fungi, transmitted from a sick person or sick animal. Microsporia can affect other parts of the body.
Pityriasis (or colorful) lichencharacterized by peeling spots (pink or brown) on a body of different shapes and sizes. Usually they merge together. The cause of the appearance is a fungus.
Red flat lichenmay appear due to stress or allergies, itrarely occurs in children, but it is difficult, because it affects the skin and mucous membranes. It is believed that the causative agent of this species is the virus. In places of folds and on the genitals there are small eruptions that rise above the level of the skin and merge with time.
Shinglescauses the herpes virus. In children under 10 years of age, the same virus manifests itself as chickenpox. A distinctive sign of this type of disease is the "girdling" pain in the chest. Children can be affected and the genitals. Gradually, on the spot of pain, first appear seals, which turn into vesicles that dry out over time.
Pink lichen (or deprive Zhebera)different cycles, pink spots appearspring and autumn on the shoulders and chest. Children under 2 years old suffer from this disease rarely. It is generally believed that the cause of the appearance of spots are a decrease in immunity in combination with an allergy.
Causes of infection
In the vast majority of cases, the causethe appearance of lichen in children are fungi that can be transmitted from a sick person or a sick animal. The disease is also capable of causing viruses. Exposure depriving children is explained by reduced immunity, whereas good body defenses can suppress the development of this disease in the body.
Infection is promoted by large children's collectives (common towels or combs), contacts with stray dogs and cats, or going to the pool with shared showers.
It is believed that the causes of red and pink lichens become stress and allergies, so they are not contagious.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
The clinical picture of each type of lichen depends on the type of pathogen, but the individual characteristics of the organism can influence the manifestation of one or another characteristic.
For diagnosis, the dermatologist conducts an examination,and also uses such methods of research as taking a scraping from the hearth, inspection with the help of a Wood lamp, since it is possible to treat lichen only after differential diagnosis of it with other dermatological diseases.
All types of hair loss in children have such common symptoms as itching on the skin, flaking skin and a change (reddening) of the color.
In addition, each type of disease has its own individual symptoms (location, the formation of vesicles and nodules, the presence or absence of pain).
About how the lichen is transmitted, how to treat and prevent its appearance, only a specialist can know. Do self-treatment of the disease is not worth it.
Treatment of fungal species deprives of great complexity does not represent.
How to treat lichen in children with medicines:
- influence on the cause of the disease (fungus, virus) with the help of antifungal and antiviral drugs.
- Effects on pain and itching with the help of anti-allergic and corticosteroid drugs.
- prevention of the spread of the disease (isolation of the patient).
Treat lichen in children should be adequately and carefully, improperly selected medications can cause a prolonged course of the disease, combing and infection.
How to treat lichen in children at home (additional measures):
- avoid taking a bath, just swim under the shower;
- to wear clothes only from natural (natural) fabrics;
- Do not walk under the sun;
- often change the baby's underwear, and wash and iron it separately;
- use disinfectant solutions for wet cleaning, washing toys and handling personal items of the baby.
To prevent deprivation from a child, he needsAvoid using other people's hygiene items and contacting homeless animals. Do not interfere with measures to strengthen immunity, as well as clothing made from natural fibers. If there are sick children in large children's groups, they should be isolated, since it is not possible to treat lichen without quarantine.