Installing plastic windows in a wooden house do it yourself
Installing plastic windows in a wooden house as a whole does not present any particular difficulties. However, as in any other construction business, it is necessary to take into account some of the nuances of installation. Next, we consider how to properly install plastic windows in a wooden house.
Wooden house has its own characteristics. To a greater extent they are associated with the property of the material itself. For some time after construction, the building shrinks. This is the main factor that must be considered in the installation process.
Many, probably, had to deal with such a concept as a "siege" (or "okosyachka"). What it is? This design is used to preserve the independence of the frame from the walls. If installation of plastic windows in a wooden house without a mowing will be done, then the frame of the glass unit will experience pressure during shrinkage.As a result, the frame can skew.
Before considering in detail how plastic windows are installed in a wooden house, a few words should be said about the processes taking place in the building in the first few years after construction. There is a very common opinion that the house shrinks only in the first year after construction. This is partly true. Throughout the year, the felling takes about three to five centimeters from its total height. But shrinkage is a longer process and is actually a drying of the logs. If the log house is made of raw material, that is, the forest was cut down, processed, delivered and collected, then the elements will give up their moisture for at least five years. In a temperate climate, thus, the logs will shrink approximately 5-10 millimeters in diameter. In this regard, the device is recommended strengthening structure.
The distance from the floor to the window sill
Regardless of what material the windows will be made of - PVC or wood - you must first work with the opening. The first thing to check is the distance from the window sill to the floor. 80-90 cm are considered optimal.It takes into account the height of a person. It should be comfortable to stand near the window, lean on his palms. For example, the height of the tables (writing, kitchen) is about 75-85 cm. Ideally, the window sill should be slightly above this level. In this regard, the openings are cut 5 cm below. This is due to the fact that a layer of polyurethane foam will be applied in 1-2 cm, and the window sill itself will be installed. Its thickness is about 3-4 cm. In the process of preparing the window opening it is necessary to use a level. It is used to align the horizontal lines. For vertical, you can use a plumb line. With the help of these devices, a line is marked along which the lower part of the opening will be cut off.
Similarly, the level from the ceiling to the opening is marked with the level. Here it is necessary to consider one nuance. The height of the opening should be greater than the window itself by 13-14 centimeters. It takes into account the margin that is left below (4 - 5 cm for the sill and foam), 1 cm above (for foaming) and 4 cm for the upper casing element. As it will be the board, whose thickness is 40 mm.Add to the above figures should be another 4-5 centimeters for shrinkage at home.
Plumbing can be used to mark them. The width of the opening should be greater than the window itself by 12-14 centimeters. Here, as well as above, you should leave 1-2 cm for applying a layer of foam and 10 cm for osyachki. It is imperative that you once again check everything by level and plumb.
Types of casing
As mentioned above, an okosyachka will protect the window frame from deformation or damage in the process of shrinkage at home. If this construction is not used, then over time, the logs that have dried up and reduced in diameter will put pressure on the frame. This can significantly complicate the functionality of the window. It may also happen that the upper crossbar of the opening hangs on the frame. The result is a gap that will need to be repaired. The siege can be a simple construction. This option is often used in country construction. In the ends of the logs in the window opening, it is necessary to make a groove 50x50 mm. It is inserted into the bar having the same size. However, the installation of plastic windows in a wooden house with such a construction of the casing is not possible. This is due to the fact that the installation uses special fasteners.In this case, they simply have nothing to attach. Installation of plastic windows in a wooden house of timber can be carried out with the help of a more complex casing design. This option, according to many experts, is more reliable. In this case, at the ends of the elements of the window opening it is necessary to cut out the comb. Later, a carriage window with a groove will be put on him. As a result, the drying elements will sit down without exerting pressure on the frame structure and not deforming it.
Making a carriage
These elements are made of timber 150x100. Their length should be greater than the size of the window by 5-6 centimeters. A groove is formed in the center of the wide part. Its size is 50x50 mm. This carriage is put on the comb, which is cut in the end part of the elements of the opening. The wide side should be divided into three parts of 50 mm each. With the help of a circular saw, two notches are made at the edges, and then several more between them at a distance of about a centimeter from each other. So it will be more convenient to choose the center of the bar. To do this, you can use a hatchet. At the end of the groove is aligned with a chisel In the end, there should be twice as many carriages as the windows themselves.
With the help of the level, it is necessary to precisely mark the location of the carriages at the ends of the window opening elements. There will be cut the comb. If noted "by eye", then the window as a result can get uneven. That, in turn, will lead to a deterioration in their functioning. So, the sash can either open independently, or close itself depending on the direction of inclination. After the marking is done, use a chainsaw to carefully cut the comb. Its width and depth is five centimeters. The comb can be cut closer to the street or exactly in the center of the butt. First, the timber should be cut deep, then cuts are made 5 cm outside and inside along the perimeter of the opening.
It must be remembered that working with a tool is risky. Chainsaw has a considerable impact, aimed at sawing. In this regard, if the experience in working with the tool is not enough, it is better to entrust this occupation to a specialist. However, the above steps can be done with the help of circulars.
Installation of plastic windows in a wooden house: instructions
The first step is to build the casing.From the 150x40 mm board, the upper part of the okey is cut. It is necessary to make grooves in the board. A comb will be inserted into them. The board is the top of the opening. It should be smooth, without bends. So installation of plastic windows in a wooden house will take place without complications. Board should be put on the ridges of the opening. To eliminate the possible squeak, as well as to enhance the insulation, you should lay the ridges with tow (roll). Next, put on the prepared carriages. Further, the upper part of the structure is fixed. Board screwed with screws to the carriages. It should not be attached to the ridge. Otherwise, the meaning of the whole structure will be lost. Before you do the installation of plastic windows in a wooden house with your own hands, you should check the dimensions of the opening.
Often the installation of plastic windows in a wooden house from a timber is carried out by drilling through the frame. As a result of such actions, not only the leaktightness is disturbed, but also the thermal insulation of the structure. Installation of plastic windows with their own hands in a wooden house of timber is carried out using special fasteners.They are mounted in the butt of the frame, where a special slide is made. To facilitate installation, it is better to remove the sash. So the frame will become much easier. To remove the sash, you need to pull the pin out of the loop. Directly the installation itself is carried out using a level. After aligning the position, the structure is fixed with fasteners. Here the main thing - do not screw the screw into the comb.
During the installation process, remember to leave gaps for the foam. To do this, under the frame enclose the chips. They will need to be pulled out later. After installing the frame put on the sash. The construction foam is processed with foam at the end.