ISGDD - what is it? Features and their technologies
The summary in the system of documented information,which are necessary to provide local governments, legal entities and individuals with the most reliable information for the implementation of investment, economic and urban development activities - this is the answer to the question: ISGDD - what is it. This information system is organized in accordance with the foundations of the Town-planning Code of Russia and has all the information about land plots, development of territories and others. Now interested persons can apply for any help and find out how the ISGD works, what it is, and always get what it wants, because the materials are contained in both maps and text.
The information system was created in December 2004year on the basis of GGC (State Urban Cadastre). For this purpose, the information of the GGCs in the required volume was transferred to the city districts and local self-government bodies for the period until July 2006. It was then that it became known about ISOGD what it is, and whether the innovation is more functional than the old GGK system.
For the introduction of information GGC werethe following normative acts were used: Chapter 11 of the Urban Development Code of 1998, Government Decree of July 29, 1998, Code of JV Regulations of 1996, SNiP (Decree of the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation of 1996, Instruction on the Procedure for Approval, Development, Approval and Examination of Town Planning Documents (Gosstroy's order of 2002).
The legal approach
Today there are still several interpretationsunderstanding of the ISGD, what it is. First of all, this system is only for municipal districts and urban districts, conducted with a minimum set of functions in the amount of information prescribed by the Town Planning Code. Semantic content - without a legal component - is understood as an information system for any person involved in urban development, providing all information for its implementation.
ISOGD Moscow region, for example, isa single base on the development and development of its entire territory, land plots and engineering structures and communications located within their boundaries, each facility for capital construction, as well as many other necessary information. There are provided any public services in the form of information relating to urban development. The purpose of registration and placement of information in the Moscow Region ISOGD is the systematization and actualization of information on the development of territories, on their development.
In 2006, the Government of the Russian Federation issued a decree,according to which the Information System for Providing Urban Development Activities took a user-friendly form. The sections of the ISOGD should be as follows.
1. Documents related to the municipal formation - territorial planning.
2. Documents of planning the territories of the subject of the Russian Federation in the municipality.
3. Documents and materials on their justification, regarding territorial planning in the municipality.
4. Rules of construction and land use with the introduction of changes in them.
5. Documents of the planning of territories.
6. Documents on the condition of natural and man-made conditions.
7. Documents on seizure and reservation of plots for municipal or state needs.
8. Documents on the built up and subject to building plots of land.
9. Cartographic and geodetic materials.
In addition, additionally, new sections are created and maintained continuously by decision of the local government bodies, so that any inquiry from the IOSGD is available to those who need it.
Functions and procedures
In order to approve the documents on the conduct of the IOSGD in 2007, the Ministry of Regional Development issued an Order approving books and documents for the following procedures.
1. The accounting of the documentation, which is received for placement in the ISOGD, the project documentation is also included here.
2. Registration of the documentation, which will be placed in the information fund.
3. Placement of documentation in the information fund.
4. Provide information to ISOGD to any interested persons.
Information about all the town-planning documentationare placed in special books that have their own classification, defined by sections and functions. The documents of ISOGD are books of registration, registration of applications for information, one book for each section, drawn up by the registry. Land plots and draft plans have a separate book for each case. The classifier has more than fifty types of documents.
Registration of documents is conducted when providing the following public services in urban planning.
- Permission for construction - issue of a document.
- Notice of the beginning of construction - submission of the document.
- Permission for commissioning of the facility - issuance of the document.
- The plan of the land plot is the issue of the document.
- Documentation for the planning of the territory - the coordination and approval of the document.
Registration of documentation by the operator assumesmandatory thorough verification of its completeness, and at the same time does not increase the time for granting state services for the issuance of permits and commissioning of the finished facility. In cases where the information from the OSSDD is present in full when the project documentation is received, the applicant will not be required to provide the documentation again upon receipt of the construction permit, and no notice of the work begun at the construction site is required.
ISOGD is also conducted as manual processing of paperdocuments, and in the computer version of the automated system AISOGD. The scope of automation determines the degree of implementation and specific use of the software.
It can be either a minimalexecution in the form of automation of accounting for the information of a paper archive, or as the storage and processing of electronic documents, data cards in the database and display them using GIS (geoinformation systems) or in the most developed version as an automated process of all production and administrative functions in town planning.
For example, this is Moscow's ISOGD, where eveninterdepartmental information interaction is automated, plus all services rendered in the sphere of urban planning are recorded in full electronic form.
Automated ISOGD consists of a variety ofsoftware modules, and the functionality of many of them is such that it can be a standard software. To help in working with already documented information, there are the SED (electronic archive of documents) and SED (electronic document management).
Support the processes of the organizationBPMS or EAP (management of electronic administrative regulations) and programs for project management. For databases there are DBMS (database management) and MDM - Master Data Management (NDC) (reference information) or CCM (coding and classification system of information).
In addition to the above softwaresecurity, exist in the system, for example, the OSSD area of electronic data storage. With spatial data, GIS (geographical information system) and CAD (using which automated design is done) work.
Analytical data processing requiresbusiness intelligence tools. The user interface is provided by the corporate portal, geoportal, web portal on the Internet. Programs interact with each other automatically, for which a service-oriented architecture (SOA) and SMEV are provided - inter-agency electronic interaction.
Now the Urban Planning Code of Russia is laidmaintenance of information systems for urban development at two management levels. This level is federal - FGIS TP (Federal State Information System of Territorial Planning) and the level of municipal districts and city districts, which are also obliged to maintain their own ISOGD according to the Town-Planning Code and the Federal Law.
In the information support activitiesurban development is carried out in addition to the above two and at the following levels: regional, at the level of rural and urban settlements and at the level of individuals and legal entities. At each level there are laws and regulations, all these options will be considered below.
Levels federal and regional
The Urban Development Code in 2011 wasMany changes have been introduced, including the introduction of Article 57.1, which defines the FGIS TA, that is, the Federal State Information System for Territorial Planning. The Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation since 2014 and this system is operated. Previously, this function was performed by the Ministry of Regional Development.
IGGD today regions do noteverywhere, which, however, does not limit any subject of the Russian Federation in independent decisions regarding the enactment of normative acts that regulate both the creation and maintenance of the ISOGD of its own region. The Ministry of Economic Development is already entrusted to consider and create a unified software and technical solution for informatization in the regions.
To the executive authorities of the Centralof the federal district according to the plan of measures of the Social and Economic Development Strategy of the Central Administrative District until 2020, it is necessary to report quarterly to the Ministry on the implementation of information systems for the provision of urban development activities.
Regions in which regional ISOGDs are already conducted: Volgograd Region, Kaluga Region, Kaliningrad Region, Moscow Region, Orenburg Region, Yaroslavl Region, Tyumen Region and some others. A draft law is being prepared on new amendments to the Russian Town Planning Code, which provides for items relating to the creation of the ISC.
Level of urban district and municipal district
All municipal districts and city districts maintainISOGD are required by the Federal Law and the Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation. This is carried out by local governments through independent collection, processing, documentation, updating, systematization, subsequent accounting and then storing the information that is required for urban development.
Urban settlements prepare and issue an EPROM(town planning plan of the land plot) and perform a variety of other functions in the urban development area. However, neither the Law nor the Code directly point to the need to maintain the IGOSD. In January 2015, the Law was amended, and the authority for IOSGD was transferred to municipal districts from rural settlements. A number of cases demonstrate a return transfer on the basis of direct contracts, so now it is necessary to provide adequate information support to rural settlements for the conduct of their own ISOGD. The work regulations are roughly the same everywhere, as far as providing the population with information, certificates and documents relating to town planning activities.
Level of legal entities and individuals
Scientific, commercial, project, public,survey, construction and other organizations, as well as individuals are also participants in urban development. Town-planning code in its current edition does not regulate in any way, but does not limit the creation and maintenance of legal and physical persons by ISOGD, as it helps them to conduct necessary and useful activities in the field of urban development.
Information systems that helpplan activities for individuals and legal entities may be different. The most commonly used are modern Building Information Modeling systems or Building Information Model (building information modeling). The data of the OSIGD remain public and open, except for those that are classified as restricted access by federal laws. The body that is authorized to maintain the system, observes the rules of the ISS, and necessarily provides systematic information on any request of state authorities, local government, as well as legal entities and individuals.