Leukocytes in the blood: normal and abnormalities
Leukocytes are important Due to their presence, a person forms a reliable immunity. It is very important that the leukocytes in the blood contained a sufficient amount. Otherwise, a person may have significant problems with the immune system.
Leukocytes in the blood: the norm in healthy people
All varieties of cells that make up the blood are important. There are those who are responsible for protecting people from harmful microorganisms. Leukocytes are provided in the blood. The norm of these white bodies is 4-9 * 109in liter. In the event that their number is too low, then the person may experience the most serious problems with the immune system. It is important not only the number of leukocytes, but also the ratio of their individual types. In normal eosinophils among white blood cells is from 0 to 5%, band - from 1 to 6%, and segment-cell - 47-72%. As for lymphocytes, they are from 20 to 40%, and monocytes in a normal blood test should be 3-11%.
Reduced white blood cells
The norm of the content of white cells in the analysis confirms a sufficient level of immunity. If the level of leukocytes decreases, then this suggests that the protection of the body is not in order.
A decrease in white blood cell count may indicate that a person suffers from a viral disease. This is also indicated by an increase in the relative number of lymphocytes in the blood.
In the event that there is a decrease in the number of not only leukocytes in the blood test, but also of erythrocytes and platelets, then the development of aplastic anemia can be suspected. This condition is quite dangerous. In case if according to the results of the analysis such a disease was suspected, then it is necessary to consult with a hematologist.
Increased white blood cell count
The normal level of white cells can be observed in various infectious diseases, but most often this value is increased. In the event that their number does not reach 12-13 * 109then in the presence of clinical manifestations of respiratory diseases it is not worth worrying about. Under the influence of a rational antibiotic therapy, recovery soon enough occurs and the level of leukocytes returns to normal values.
About leukocytes in the blood in children
In people of different ages, the amount of content of these cells can vary significantly. For example, leukocytes in the blood of a child are more numerous than those of an adult. At the same time at the age of 16 years, the level of their content can be very different. Before the year, the level of white blood cells should be from 6.0 to 17.5 * 109in liter. In the period from 1 to 2 years in good analysis in the amount of from 6.0 to 17.0 * 109leukocytes must be in the blood. The norm for children aged 2 to 4 years is from 5.5 to 15.5 * 109in liter. In the future, their level is still decreasing. By 4-6 years the number of leukocytes in the blood decreases to a level of 5.0 to 14.5 * 109in liter. From 6 to 10 years, the level of white blood cells decreases to 4.5-14.0 * 109in 1 liter. In the period from 10 to 16 years, the number of leukocytes in the blood should not exceed 4.5 to 13.0 * 109. Upon reaching 16 years of age, the results of a general analysis of the blood of a teenager should practically not differ from his data in adults. That is, its normal values can vary from 4.0 to 9.0 * 109in liter.
The ratio of lymphocytes and neutrophils: what does it mean?
Leukocytes in the blood are heterogeneous. The fact is that there are various groups of them. First of all, we are talking about lymphocytes and neutrophils. Under normal conditions, the level of lymphocytes ranges from 20% to 40%.In the event that their content increases, it is likely that a viral infection progresses in the body. The fact is that these blood cells are responsible for the destruction of these microorganisms. If the ratio of lymphocytes and neutrophils is in favor of the latter, then we can talk about the development of a bacterial infection.
Significant increases in white blood cells
A rather serious symptom is a condition when leukocytes are greatly elevated in the blood. The norm at the same time can be broken also according to leukocytic formula data. That is, there is a shift, for example, towards lymphocytes or myelocytes. All this is a very, very serious symptom, especially in the absence of any clinical data for the presence of an infectious process. Such signs may indicate the development of leukemia of one type or another.
If you suspect the presence of this disease should immediately contact an experienced hematologist. It is he who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of various problems associated with blood. In this case, the basis of its activities most often becomes the fight against leukemia and anemia.
Where can I take a blood test for leukocytes?
The number of leukocytes is detected after a routine blood test is taken. Leukocytes are counted along with erythrocytes, platelets and hemoglobin. Delivery of this analysis is possible in almost any health care institution. The easiest option would be to contact a regular clinic. Somewhat more expensive, but you can quickly find out how large the white blood cells in the blood are in women, men and children by visiting one of the many private medical centers. In the same place, if desired, he can be interpreted by a general practitioner or hematologist. In the event that deviations are detected in the general blood test, specialists will refer the person to additional studies.
When you need to check the level of leukocytes
It is rather difficult to suspect the presence of a deviation in the level of white cells in the blood, if there are no clinical signs of an infectious process. In the case of the development of human leukemia, only weakness can be a concern. In the future, he began to appear serious problems with the immune system. As a result, such a person is often sick and is sent by a doctor for a complete blood count.The doctor understands that the data obtained can not correspond to a purely infectious process, and recommends that the patient consult a hematologist. In the future, it is this specialist who is engaged in treatment.
Check the level in the general blood test is necessary in cases where a person feels an incomprehensible, unconnected weakness, fatigue. It is also necessary to go through this study, if there are repeated cases of infectious diseases within a few months.