Lille attractions: description, photo
The city, famous for its hospitality, is not in vaincalled the cultural capital of France. The centuries-old history of the majestic Lille is closely intertwined with the Spanish, Flemish and Austrian cultures, which have left their mark on the architectural appearance.
History of Lille
The exact date of the founding of the settlementis unknown, although scientists are inclined to believe that this happened in 640. The German francs at the site of the future Lille, surrounded by marshes, founded a settlement that gradually expanded. To defend themselves from the invaders, defensive walls were built, restraining attacks. Eleven times attacked the long-suffering city, which was part of the Flemish lands.
Thanks to its favorable location, Lillebecomes an important trading center. The cloth industry and agriculture are developing, and city laces are famous to this day far beyond France.
For a long time the city was under the rule of Austria and Spain, but in 1668 the Aachen Peace was signed, according to which part of Flanders departed France, including Lille.
In the middle of the 20th century, the economy of the blossomingthe city's industry is declining, and the second branch of the national economy is getting its second wind only after the opening of the e-tunnel under the Channel that connected London and Paris.
City of Lille (France): attractions
Metropolis, which reminds a lot of the past and return like in the old days, will surprise all guests narrow streets with Gothic facades of houses and modern buildings.
So, what are the attractions of Lilleit is recommended to visit the tourists? Start the tour preferably from the central square - the main historical place, where all important events take place. Named after the politician Charles de Gaulle who was born here, it is considered one of the most beautiful places in the city. A spacious area surrounded by an ensemble of historical buildings of Flemish architecture, has preserved the color of the old times.
In late April, it starts working floralBazaar, which turns the ancient sights of Lille into a colorful field with a unique aroma. And in winter all the tourists are waiting for the Christmas Fair, reminiscent of the festive decoration of this fairy tale.
Monument of the Goddess
It is interesting to look at the monument erected in the middle of the XIX century, in memory of the strength of the spirit of local residents who stood up against the Austrian troops in 1792.
The bronze pillar of the goddess with the crown (La GrandeDéesse), on top of which is depicted holding in the arm artillery fuse woman, rises from a huge fountain. It is interesting that at the base of the monument the words of the mayor, who refused to surrender the city to the invaders, were engraved.
Office of the newspaper La Voix Du Nord
Speaking about the attractions of Lille, you can notmention the editorial office of the newspaper La Voix Du Nord, located next to the column. The ancient building, executed in neoflamand style, is topped with a crenellated roof, and on the facade is a gilt sculpture of three graces symbolizing the former provinces of the region.
Old Stock Exchange
Local people are incredibly proud of the beautifulan architectural monument built in the middle of the XVII century - the Old Exchange (La Vieille Bourse). Twenty-four buildings, united in a single ensemble, represent the most famous landmarks of Lille (France). Earlier, there were commercial premises for local tycoons, agreeing on the price of cotton and flax.
The present palace impresses with magnificent decor of facade ornaments and bright colors, and the example of the Flemish Renaissance is crowned with the symbol of the exchange - the trading god Mercury.
In the courtyard formed by builtin the form of a quadrangle by buildings, the largest flea market in Europe is operating - a real paradise for shoppers. Inexpensive antiquarian things, rare books, products of local artisans will be a wonderful gift for themselves and their loved ones. Often in a quiet and cozy courtyard there are jazz evenings that gather music connoisseurs.
Notorious Cathedral Notre-Dame-de-la-Treille -A new point of travel around the glorious city. The construction of the majestic basilica began in 1854, and ended only 145 years later. Notre-Dame de la Trey is named after the sculpture of the Virgin Mary, which is worshiped by residents of a city like Lille. Attractions of the metropolis bring to the real delight even experienced travelers.
The central part of the 30-meter templeThe complex is a white marble arch, decorated with a stained glass window with images on biblical themes. From the inside, the Catholic Cathedral, from which it is mysterious, is decorated with picturesque mosaics and murals that tell of the life of the saints.
Museum of Fine Arts
All guests of the northern capital of France needVisit the second museum of the country after the Louvre, founded in 1792 by the painter L. Watteau. He offered to take from the confiscated property from the churches works of art to educate the people. The first exposition consisted of only 30 paintings. The official status of the Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille was only received in 1809 after the decree of Napoleon.
In the largest museum of the world not onlypaintings and sculptures, but also archaeological finds. Now you can admire the richest collection of works by Rubens, Raphael, Monet, Rodin, Van Dyck, Picasso and many others.
The Charles de Gaulle Museum
You can not ignore the sightsLille, narrating about the history of the city and the great people who once lived in it. Therefore, another item of the sightseeing tour will be another museum, the exhibits of which will tell about the life of Charles de Gaulle. The room is a cultural center, where the atmosphere of the XIX century is carefully recreated.
Items of furniture, personal belongings, preservedfurniture give an idea of the place where the great politician was born. The exhibition halls of the Maison natale de Charles de Gaulle are open to all comers. The most interesting and curious information about a man who became a symbol of the national pride of France, is kept only in this museum.
To true connoisseurs of historical and architecturalmonuments must be visited harmoniously combining the past and present of Lille (France). The sights, photos of which are presented in the article, deserve the special attention of all guests of the city. Traveling to a thriving community will present unforgettable emotions and a desire to return here again.