Medicine "Acyclovir": instructions for use
Pharmacological characteristics of the drug
The medicine "Acyclovir" describes the instructions for use as an antiviral agent, effective against herpes zoster and herpes simplex viruses. The first causes diseases of the nervous system (both peripheral and central) and manifests itself in the form of a rash, the second is associated with damage to mucous surfaces and skin. As for the pharmacokinetics of the drug "Acyclovir", the instructions for use of which necessarily comes bundled with the package, after ingestion it is absorbed slightly - at the level of 20%, and its half-life is about three to four hours.
Features of the composition of the drug "Acyclovir"
Available this antiviral agent in the form of white tablets. Each medicinal dragee as an active ingredient contains two hundred milligrams of acyclovir.
In addition, the drug contains potato starch, medical low molecular weight polyvinylpyrrolidone and aerosil.Croscarmelose sodium and microcrystalline cellulose are also contained in the tablets "Acyclovir". The composition of the drug is supplemented with a small amount of magnesium stearate and polyethylene glycol 4000.
Indications for use of tablets
Assign antiviral "acyclovir" instruction advises for the treatment of herpes in order to prevent the formation of new elements of the rash. In addition, this drug is often used to reduce the risk of skin dissemination, that is, the spread of the virus over the skin. In order to prevent visceral complications transmitted to internal organs, you should also use tablets "Acyclovir". Instructions for use recommends taking them to speed up the formation of crusts and alleviate pain symptoms in the acute stage of herpes zoster. In addition, this antiviral drug is actively prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment for patients with immunodeficiency.
For example, the drug "Acyclovir" instructions for use are advised to use for HIV infection, after bone marrow transplantation surgery, chemotherapy of tumors and for the prevention of infections caused by the herpes virus in people with severe disabilities of the protective system.
List of main contraindications
This antiviral drug should not be used if there is an allergic reaction to any of its components, as well as in the case of pregnancy. Children's age (up to one year) and the period of breastfeeding also act as reasons for discontinuation of the drug "Acyclovir".
Possible adverse conditions
This drug is generally tolerated well by most patients. In very rare cases, these pills can cause headaches, vomiting, diarrhea, and fatigue. Nausea, skin rash and itching can also occur while taking the drug "Acyclovir". The instruction also indicates the risk of developing urticaria.