Minerals of the Krasnodar Territory: mineral waters and other resources
For the majority of Russian residents, Krasnodarthe region is associated with the beaches of the Black Sea coast. Some can still recall the coast of the Azov Sea and mineral waters. But most non-local residents find it difficult to remember what minerals of the Krasnodar Territory they know. Although found in the local bowels more than sixty.
Krasnodar Territory as a territorial unitThe Russian Federation was established in 1937. It is located in the southern part of the country. More than two-thirds of the territory - the northern part - is occupied by flat terrain. One third - the southern one - occupies the foothills and mountains of the Greater Caucasus. This diversity of relief and caused the fact that the territory of the region is known for more than two hundred deposits of minerals. The map of the Krasnodar Territory's mineral resources shows the location of the main deposits.
Brief description of resources
As can be seen from the above map, the plainpart is rich in deposits of blue fuel. Still here there are some ore deposits. But the foothills of the Caucasian mountains, their western part - this is the main place where the minerals of the Krasnodar Territory are located (oil and deposits of various building materials - limestone, gypsum, marl, sand and gravel). In addition, this is the main location of mercury ores. Here, stone salt is extracted and the most famous minerals of the Krasnodar Territory are mineral waters.
This territory is the first in Russia, wheredrilled a production oil well. It happened in the middle of the nineteenth century. Since then, the palm of the championship in oil production has taken away other regions, but oil production is being carried out in the local area and at the present time, new wells are regularly commissioned.
At present over one hundred and fiftyoil and gas fields. The main deposits of natural gas fall on the Azov-Kuban basin. Oil fields stretched along the foothills of the Greater Caucasus. The largest oil reserves were found in the Novodmitrovskoye field. In addition to production, the region is processing oil at the corresponding plants in Tuapse and Krasnodar.
Various materials for the construction industry - the most diverse mineral resources of the Krasnodar Territory. The photo below shows how the marble looks when it is mined.
In fact, near Sochi there are its deposits. Almost all of them lie along the foothill line. Mergel deposits near Sochi are rich in cement raw materials. Granite and gravel are mined near Gyulkevich and Kropotkin. Billet of limestone is carried out near the village Varenikovskaya. In the Krasnodar Territory, quartz sands are still mined for use in construction and molding sands for metallurgy.
Minerals of the Krasnodar Territory in partmineralization of the waters are grandiose. Due to the availability of medicinal mineral waters, this territory is superior to any European analogues. Here are concentrated numerous sources, rich in mineral water. Salted or bitter-salty (iodine-bromine) waters are intended for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the musculoskeletal system. Sources are located along the Black Sea coast, as well as in the Caucasian foothills. The Slavic-Troitskoe deposit contains about thirty percent of all Russian reserves. In addition to conventional mineral springs, there are also thermal springs.
Ore mineral resources of the Krasnodar Territorydo not look so bright on the rest of the background. The Taman Peninsula is represented by iron-manganese ores. Along the river banks, iron ore (Malobambak) and manganese ore (Labinskoye) deposits are discovered. The Labinsk deposit was the richest copper in the foothills of the Caucasus. Here, in the foothills, but more eastern, they extract fairly rare mercury ores in four known deposits. Gold is also mined here, however, in very small quantities.
Colored stones and stuff
The Krasnodar Territory has depositscolored stones - the material for decoration. Two sites of jasper occurrence and one source of jadeite are treated. In addition to color, two places of deposits of facing stones are also known. The layers of the only known, but very rich rock salt deposit reach a total capacity of almost five hundred meters. Salt is not food, but it is used to extract chlorine by electrolysis and to obtain a cooking salt. There are also more than thirty deposits of sea shells, but only six of them are processed. This material is used in the form of fodder flour.