Pump for the aquarium: functions, types, care

It can be difficult for a beginner in an aquarium to decide which equipment to choose. We will understand why we need a pump for the aquarium, what are its functions and how to choose it correctly.

What is the pump for?

Why do I need a pump for the aquarium? First, it pumps water into filtration systems or water sterilizers. Secondly, creates a current in the aquarium. Without it, water can stagnate. Stirring provides a uniform temperature throughout the tank, moreover, when mixed, the water is saturated with oxygen. Thirdly, with the help of the pump you can make streams and waterfalls in the aquarium.

In addition, this device can be used to maintain the water level, and if the pump for the aquarium is equipped with a foam sponge, it can be used as an internal filter for mechanical cleaning of organic matter.

aquarium pump

Types of pumps

Pumps vary in installation method. They are of three types:

  • external;
  • internal;
  • universal.

The external pump (filter) for the aquarium is installed outside the tank, and the internal one is immersed directly in the water.Universal, respectively, can be attached on both sides of the aquarium glass. Usually for fixing the device use suckers and special clamps.

Pumps can also be divided into 2 types, depending on the type of aquarium. In a freshwater aquarium, devices with a metal axis are used. In salt water, this design is quickly covered with rust, therefore, ceramics are used in the pumps for saltwater aquariums.

pump filter for aquarium

How to choose a pump

To choose the right pump for your aquarium, you need to consider several parameters. What matters is not only the type and volume of the aquarium, but also the type of device.

First you need to decide on the type of filter - internal or external, for a freshwater or saltwater aquarium. Many prefer the external pump, as they do not spoil the appearance of the aquarium. The second most important parameter is the correspondence of power and throughput of the pump to the volume of the aquarium. A suitable aquarium pump should pump 3/5 of its volume per hour. The capacity of the device is measured in l / h.

If the power is chosen incorrectly, it will have negative consequences.The water pump for an aquarium with insufficient capacity simply cannot cope with its functions, and a too powerful device will create a strong current in the aquarium that will interfere with fish, plants, etc.

Another factor that is worth paying attention to is the manufacturer of the pump. Today, stores have a huge selection of well-known pump companies. No need to chase the cheapest device, it will be noisy, low-power and can quickly fail. Choose a pump of an average price category of the famous producer. Pay the main attention to the parameters of the equipment.

water pump for aquarium

Another important parameter that you need to know before you buy is the noise of the pump, especially if the aquarium is installed in the bedroom. Many aquarists complain about the noise from the work of the pump, so you should consider this moment in advance.

How to care for the pump

The aquarium requires weekly maintenance, including cleaning the pump. First of all, unplug the device before cleaning. The internal filter pump must be cleaned as necessary. To flush the sponge, use water drained from the aquarium for water changes.Clean plastic surfaces from scurf with a brush or sponge.

External pump needs cleaning much less. Experts advise to do a full cleaning no more than once every 6 months. This should be done as needed when the water pressure starts to decrease. The pump must be disassembled, the tubes should be washed under running water, and the filtering material should be carefully cleaned in aquarium water.

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