Signs of teething in infants. Teething order in children

The appearance in the house of the long-awaited baby is always happiness and joy! The first smile, “agu”, laughter and, of course, the tooth of a crumbs - pleasant events. It’s customary to celebrate “chuck” in a child for a long time, when gathering loved ones, giving gifts to the baby. But the appearance of teeth gives a lot of pain to the baby and anxiety to parents. To make life easier for themselves and the baby, mom and dad just need to know the signs of teething in infants, as well as ways to help the child survive this crucial and difficult stage of his little life.

How do the teeth start to appear?

Follicles (primordia) of teeth in babies appear even in my mother's stomach, before birth, literally in the last months of pregnancy. By the birth of his 18 (10 first molars, canines and incisors, 8 permanent) rudiments. The remaining teeth will be laid later.When a baby is born, its lower jaw is not fully developed, but it works when sucking, which stimulates its development and, moreover, helps the appearance of teeth. Teething in babies should be done according to the rules. If there are large deviations from them, this may indicate problems with the health of the baby. These rules are such that teeth should appear:

  • at a certain time;
  • in the right order;
  • symmetrically arranged pairs;
  • first on one jaw, then on the other.

Timing of teething

Ideally, by the age of one, the baby should have 8 teeth.

  • In 6-10 months - the lower incisors are central.
  • In 8-12 months - the central incisors on top.
  • In 9-13 months - lateral incisors on top.
  • In 10-16 months - the lateral incisors below.

Older kids experience the discomfort of teething fangs and molars, but first in the upper jaw, then in the lower jaw. The terms of teething of this group are as follows:

  • Fangs appear: upper - in 16-22 months,
  • Lower in - 17-23 months.
  • Upper first molars from 13 to 18 months.
  • Lower first molars from 14 to 19 months.
  • On the lower jaw, the second molars erupt from 23 to 31 months.
  • At the top - 25-33.

As can be seen from these terms, the order of teething suggests that they appear in pairs, opposite each other. If it happens differently, the bite of the baby will be wrong. In addition, problems with digestion may begin, because the child cannot chew well. By the age of three, if the order of teething is normal and there are no deviations from the dates, the baby has all 20 teeth, as is customary for a milk bite. But these terms are only the norm, and there are deviations from them.

Time deviations

If the teeth appear 2 months earlier or later, there is nothing to worry about. When the eruption of the first incisors is delayed for a longer period, this may mean that:

  • such heredity in a baby (if mom, dad, grandmother, grandfather teeth appear later than the allotted time, then the baby will have the same way);
  • the child was born at a certain season (if the birth of the little ones came in winter, spring, then the teeth may appear a little later);
  • the development of rickets;
  • metabolic disorder (hypothyroidism).

In the first two cases there is nothing serious. Such reasons for the late appearance of the majority of teeth.But for sure to determine why there is a delay in eruption, doctors will help: pediatrician, dentist, endocrinologist. If the appearance of the first tooth is shifted to an earlier age than it should be, a visit to a specialist will also be good. Very rarely, but it happens that the baby is already born with incisors. This is also an indication to visit a doctor. In general, every child is an individuality, and not everyone has the teeth, as it should be. If a baby has not a single incisor in one year, look: maybe the gums are swollen, salivations are flowing and there are other signs of teething? So they are already on the way. It is necessary to wait a bit, and the first incisor will necessarily light up with a white bright strip in the baby's mouth. But you should not expect that once the teeth appeared later than they should be, they will be better, stronger than other children. Unfortunately, this pattern is not observed.

The birth of a child with teeth that cut through is also not always a sign that something is wrong with the baby. Therefore, develop your anxiety - visit a doctor, ask around your parents how you were dealing with the first incisors when they appeared. And maybe parents will tell how they got their first teeth themselves. Perhaps your baby has nothing to worry about, and the whole thing is in the genes.

Deviations from the order of appearance of teeth

When the teeth begin to appear in children, the order of eruption may also differ from the position. The reason for this may be:

  • heredity (if parents or grandparents first had upper teeth, then the baby can have the same);
  • mother's illness while waiting for a baby (early toxemia, kidney disease, pneumonia, acute respiratory infections, rubella, toxoplasmosis, herpes or just stress);
  • her bad habits;
  • how and when the delivery took place (prematurity and postmaturity, Rh-conflict also affect the normal appearance of teeth);
  • illness of the child suffered in the first months of life (convulsive states, sepsis of the newborn, pneumonia, acute respiratory disease);
  • how he gained weight and height;
  • on which breastfeeding the baby is (if the baby is bottle-fed, there may be disturbances in the formation of the teeth because of this).

The sequence of teething is important, but the doctors still track the dates first. Also, do not be upset because of deviations in the order of appearance. Most often it is in the inheritance of genes. Of course, examination of the little one never hurts.Baby's health should be controlled. There are doubts - consult with a specialist.

Signs and symptoms

Children tolerate teething in different ways. The parents' reviews are such that in some people this process goes unnoticed by relatives, and they notice the first incisor quite by chance when they are fed from a spoon and hear a long-awaited knock or are given to drink from a mug. Or when the baby laughs loudly, and a white strip of a cut tooth appears. And others may even a month before change in behavior, and they feel worse.

There are signs of teething in infants. They can be divided into general and local. Are common:

  • the child becomes moody and restless;
  • sleeps worse at night;
  • gets tired quickly;
  • his mouth watering hard;
  • baby pulls everything in his mouth trying to scratch his itchy gums;
  • bites mom while feeding.

After all, a cutting tooth, moving out, tears the gum tissue from the inside. And this causes not only itching, but also pain, irritation. And the doctors themselves say that an adult would hardly have endured such sensations without medication. During this period, it is important to be more tolerant and attentive to the little one.In order for the crumb to not pull everything into the mouth, purchase specially designed teethers (their use will speed up and facilitate the emergence of incisors, canines, molars), let your little one bite on your health and scratch your gums. If they are red in the baby, inflamed, swollen - these are local signs of teething in infants. In addition to the above, the child may have a fever, diarrhea, a runny nose, a cough. In addition, during the period of the appearance of teeth, the appetite may decrease. Again, because of the discomfort in the mouth of the crumbs. In the intervals between teething, the appetite improves, and a few days before the next white stripe on the gum again deteriorates.

Other signs of teething

Sometimes on the place where the tooth should appear, a swelling of blue or watery color appears. It will pass itself, just in this place a bloody or clear liquid accumulates. At the same time, the teething sequence does not affect the appearance of swelling. If the hematoma becomes large, the dentist will make an incision and all the fluid will flow out.It happens in children in the period of the appearance of teeth vomiting occurs. Under normal temperature and without loose stools, it should not cause concern for the baby, since it is caused by a large amount of saliva. In the opposite case, a physician is needed, since it is possible that this is a manifestation of rotavirus or another intestinal infection. Due to the large amount of saliva released by the baby, a rash may appear on the chin, chest, around the mouth. This is skin irritation. Watch for its dryness, wipe it often and wash your baby to prevent rashes. If it appears, watch the crumbs' hygiene and lubricate the skin with baby cream. When bathing, you can add the infusion of celandine, irritation will pass quickly. Redness of the cheek can also be a sign that in a short time the baby will have a new tooth. There is also a certain regularity: if the upper incisors or canines or molars are on the way, then the temperature rises in children, and the lower ones show themselves as tummy disorders. A baby may have diathesis as a sign of teething, or an allergy. But you need to be sure that it is not from food. Therefore, remember all that the child ate lately.

Illness or teeth?

This question is often asked by parents if the baby has any of the listed symptoms. When the teeth begin to appear in children, the order of their eruption is necessary to know. Looking into the baby’s mouth and seeing the swollen, reddened gums below, one can understand that the crumbs began to climb their teeth. But as the immunity decreases in the period of eruption, the baby's body is weakened. The symptoms described above may manifest a disease. Be careful, do not postpone a call to the doctor at home. Only he will be able to say exactly for what reason the baby has fever or diarrhea. Runny nose - watery transparent mucus - a common symptom of the appearance of teeth in children. This occurs due to irritation of the mucous membranes of not only the mouth, but also the nose. These symptoms usually stand out for three days and go away on their own. They will not cause much concern.

When is medical help needed?

As mentioned above, the signs of teething in infants can often be mistaken for a disease. The baby can rub the ear with a handle from the side of a cutting tooth. Redness of the cheeks is possible. The kind of baby becomes painful. After all, he is naughty and worried, as with any infections, the virus.Therefore, it is better for parents, especially young and inexperienced, to consult a pediatrician than to try to determine for themselves whether the child is sick or if they simply cut their teeth. Moreover, a weakened body of a crumb may not be overcome by any virus that has joined the symptoms of eruption. And the onset of diarrhea, the more frequent, lasting 3 days or more, will be the result of an infection. Here you can not hesitate, because dehydration in infants occurs faster than older children. Temperatures above 38 also often indicate the presence of infection in the baby’s body. When teething may be an increase in body temperature to these limits, and even higher. But this situation lasts only a couple of days. And to independently determine what is with a child is not at all easy.

Help to alleviate teething symptoms

You need to know how to help a child if teething causes him trouble. How many days he will temper or refuse to eat depends, inter alia, on the actions of the parents. Although the teeth usually climb one after the other in infants, it is therefore difficult to determine the specific period of eruption.

Heat can be knocked down if antipyretic drugs are given when teething (in the form of a candle with ibuprofen or paracetamol in a dosage by age). There are the same drugs in the form of syrup. Very high temperature (more than 39), which lasts 2 days or more, should be considered as an indication for an immediate call to an ambulance brigade. Diarrhea due to increased salivation when the appearance of teeth is not dangerous for the child, as it happens 2-3 times a day and passes for a couple of days. A mild runny nose can pass on its own, but caution does not hurt - bury the baby in the spout saline, mineral water without gas several times a day. The appearance of a rare wet cough due to the large amount of saliva that occurs when the child is lying should not cause panic in the parents. There is no need for treatment. Everything will pass and so.

Help your baby with unpleasant feelings

Teething gel can help relieve pain and itching in a baby’s mouth. Various versions of this gel can be purchased at the pharmacy. The content of the antiseptic in it allows anesthesia, at least for a while, the baby gums.The baby will calm down a bit, eat better, play, sleep a little longer. But rubbing the teething gel into the gums of the child is necessary after, and not before feeding, so that its action is more effective.

Mom can ease baby teething by applying Holisal® Dental Gel. When applied topically, the main active ingredient of choline salicylate is absorbed through the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, providing local analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effect. It also has antimicrobial and antifungal effects (in an acidic and alkaline environment). Tsetalkoniya chloride - antiseptic, acts on bacteria, as well as fungi and viruses. Gel adhesive base helps to keep active substances on the mucous membrane. Cholisal® is a triple action dental gel for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa (gingivitis, periodontitis, stomatitis) as well as for relieving teething pain in children. Helps relieve pain, helps relieve inflammation, acts on viruses, bacteria and fungi1.

Adding chamomile infusion to tea or juice that your baby drinks will help to relieve inflammation faster and relieve discomfort in the mouth.The desire of the little one to gnaw and scratch the gums can be satisfied by offering him some teethers. They are sold in pharmacies in a wide variety of shapes and colors. Of course, it is better to take teethers without water, because they can burst at the moment when the crumb gnaws a toy. If you really want something cold to ease the condition of the baby’s gums, swipe them with a cold finger or other cold object, you can put the rubber toy for a short time in the refrigerator and then give it to the child. Pain also reduces the use of an elementary pacifier. But some babies refuse to suck at all. Sometimes it is possible to give a baby anesthetic for teething. Joint games and exercises, frequent attachment to the chest (if the baby is not on artificial feeding) will help to distract the baby from unpleasant feelings. Take the baby more often in your hands, pay more attention, because it is so difficult for him during this period. The old custom of giving a silver spoon to the tooth is not devoid of meaning. The baby will hold it in the mouth, thereby reducing the cool surface.In addition, silver has a detoxifying effect, which is also important in the period of teething.

Regime moments with the appearance of teeth in infants

How to facilitate teething is an important and necessary question, but it is also necessary to remember about nutrition, walks and other aspects of the life of a baby. During this period, the baby needs more liquid, it is better if he drinks more often water. Increased salivation leads to greater loss of moisture than usual. It is better to postpone the next inoculation of the little one if his teeth erupt. This is due to a decrease in immunity. If the child is vaccinated during this period, the likelihood of complications will increase. Nutrition crumbs should be organized in such a way that the main part of the menu consists of pureed products, a variety of vegetable, fruit, meat purees (depending on how old a baby is), cereals. A piece of carrot, apple, cucumber must be offered in order for the baby to scratch the gums. And if the child’s age is about a year, chewing of the proposed fruit or vegetables will serve as a kind of massage for the gums during teething, thanks to which blood circulation will improve and the baby will become easier.And chewing contributes to the development of the speech apparatus and the nervous system of children.

Walking in the sun, taking vitamin D during this period is more important than ever for the little ones. Everyone knows that for the absorption of calcium, the need for which increases with the appearance of teeth, this vitamin is simply necessary. Do not forget to brush your baby's teeth, they are very vulnerable. For the first milk pearls there are special brushes that will gently and gently clean them.

An exciting moment for parents when they appear!

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