Symptoms of vaginitis and its treatment
Many women know firsthand about the symptoms of vaginitis. This extremely unpleasant disease affects most of the fair sex. In this case, the causes and methods of treatment can vary greatly, but it is very difficult to make a mistake with the diagnosis, even at home, without having special equipment and medical education. Today we will try to answer all your questions and describe the symptoms of vaginitis in as much detail as possible. However, we immediately warn our readers: if time after time the disease breaks out again, then you should not take longer to self-medicate, you need to consult a doctor.
What is this disease?
The symptoms of vaginitis are very bright in the first place because the disease involves inflammation of the genital organs, namely the vagina. If you have heard such a thing as colpit, it is the same. How common is this disease? Approximately 70% of women experienced it, and at least 30% of the entire beautiful half of humanity suffers from its chronic form.
Symptoms of vaginitis may differ from each other, because there are several varieties of it. The first is specific. Its pathogens are gonococci, chlamydia, mycoplasma, Trichomonas, viruses, candida or ureplazma. The second form is nonspecific, it is caused by staphylococci, streptococci, intestinal or Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Here, of course, you can not do without putting a smear on it, in order to determine the nature of your problem, to diagnose vaginitis. Symptoms and treatment are highly dependent on the microorganisms that you have to deal with.
Why does a woman develop vaginitis?
There are a lot of reasons, although they are all banal. This is, first of all, the failure of basic hygiene of the genital organs. Often striking vaginitis lovers wear thongs, because such underwear contributes to the transfer of bacteria from the anus into the vagina. Because of this, vaginitis also often develops. The symptoms and treatment in this case will be somewhat different, but we'll talk about this later.
The second most common cause is sexually transmitted diseases. At risk - people who frequently change partners, especially those who neglect the use of condoms.Gonorrhea and chlamydia become the most frequent satellites, against the background of the vital activity of which this disease of a specific etiology arises and develops.
Endocrine diseases (hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus) are frequent companions of the disease, creating a favorable environment for its development. Not the last place in the causes and occupy vaginal injuries. This may be the first or rough intercourse, breaks during labor, the presence of the intrauterine device.
It may seem strange, but in small girls, bacterial vaginitis may also occur. Its symptoms are very similar to those that occur in adult women, and are caused by infections such as scarlet fever and measles.
Very often, this disease blooms during menstruation and pregnancy. In the first case, the prerequisites are favorable for the development of bacteria environment, so you need to especially carefully monitor their own hygiene. In the second, we observe a strong decrease in immunity, which means that the body is less likely to resist various infections. This can also be attributed to such a reason as hormonal changes during menopause.
Less common causes
Against the background of what else can develop bacterial vaginitis? Symptoms are very often manifested after gynecological operations, abortions. Various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as serious allergic reactions can contribute to the development of the disease. Uncontrolled hormonal drugs and antibiotics - the right step towards this disease. Contributes to the development of colpitis, radiation sickness and chemotherapy, as well as a state of reduced immunity, most often with HIV. Chronic lack of vitamins can also cause a decrease in body resistance and the development of the disease.
The most noticeable symptoms
How can we recognize vaginitis ourselves? Symptoms and treatment in women are described in many references, but still let us raise this important question again. The very first sign is itching, quite pronounced, as well as some burning in the genitals. A little later marked abundant discharge from the vagina. Together with unpleasant sensations, they bother to the limit. The discharge may be cheesy and frothy, purulent, milky, in the most severe cases it may have bloody patches.
This already makes it possible to suspect that you have vaginitis.Symptoms and treatment in women are rarely very different, discharge usually not only have an unpleasant appearance, but also a rather specific odor. However, there is a significant difference in the course of the disease in different age groups - in older women, the discharge may be completely absent, but there is a dry vaginal mucosa.
The next step in the development of the disease is swelling of the external genital organs, they become pale red. It should be noted that the case does not end with the discharge and itching. Develop periodic pain in the abdomen, pain during intercourse. There is frequent urination, in some cases there is an increase in body temperature, it is often subfebrile, up to 37.5 in the evening. Depending on the state of immunity, the cause of the development of the disease, the symptoms can be represented by all, or only some of them. In addition, they may manifest to a greater or lesser extent.
The clinical picture of vaginitis
It depends on whether acute or chronic vaginitis is seen in a patient. From the definitions themselves it is clear that the first appears suddenly and very painfully.Since today we are considering the symptoms of vaginitis in women (photo and treatment, as well as options for the latter), it should be noted that pain, redness, severe burning, swelling of the genital organs are all signs of an acute form. In this case, the secretions will be very different, depending on the bacteria causing it. Below we consider each subtype of the disease separately. This greatly helps in the home to understand what is happening with your body. A very unpleasant disease is acute vaginitis. Symptoms, as already mentioned, appear suddenly. Acute pain leads to thoughts of cystitis, pyelonephritis, colds, and other diseases that have little to do with the true cause. Even worse, they begin to treat the effect.
The chronic form of the disease is completely different. Symptomatology is quite blurred, swelling and redness of the genitals is not observed, there is no pain and fever. One of the most frequent satellites of this form is itching. It increases during menstruation, sexual intercourse, and even when walking. This is chronic vaginitis. Symptoms may change, depending on the phase of the cycle, then completely disappearing, then appearing again. Any catarrhal disease, taking antibiotics causes them to increase.The wrong approach is to treat the effect, that is, discharge and itching with the help of local candles. This is a temporary measure, symptoms will soon return.
Features of the course of acute vaginitis
It develops rapidly, however, if the cause was a genital infection, then the incubation period will pass before the first symptoms appear. With gonorrhea, it can be 1-3 days, with trichomoniasis - from 5 days, and with chlamydia - up to a month. Almost immediately after the appearance of the first tangible symptoms, general weakness and malaise develop, if the inflammatory process is difficult, then a strong rise in temperature is possible. If frequent and painful urination is added, then this is a sure sign that infection and the lower urinary tract are affected.
Diagnosis of Vaginitis
It makes no sense to self-treat vaginitis. Causes, symptoms - all this is the information that must be collected by the attending physician, analyze and make the right conclusion. You just do not have enough practical experience. It is much easier to diagnose this disease at a young age, since the symptoms are more pronounced.If you find yourself in at least one sign, then immediately consult a doctor for the correct diagnosis and treatment. For this, the doctor carries out an examination in gynecological mirrors, but for young girls this procedure is not carried out. The purpose of the survey - to identify the swelling, redness of the vaginal walls, as well as a kind of gray patina. Often in the process of this survey, a woman is in pain.
A doctor must take a smear on the flora from the vagina, urethra, cervical canal. In addition, bacteriological seeding of vaginal discharge is carried out in order to determine sensitivity to antibiotics. Symptoms of vaginitis in women eloquently declare the problem, but to completely get rid of it, you must undergo a thorough examination.
Vaginitis in a man?
This is an exclusively female disease, a man cannot suffer the same symptoms due to physiological characteristics. Representatives of the strong half of humanity may also have inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, but they have completely different reasons than vaginitis. Symptoms in men inflammatory processes occur very rarely, unless we consider the Trichomonas option. In this case, you need to treat both partners.Bacterial and candidal colpitis in men does not happen, again because of all the same features of the structure of the genital organs, that is, such a disease is purely female.
Cause of the disease - Candida fungus
This is the most common cause of this disease. Approximately 25% of women at least once treated candidal vaginitis. The symptoms are known. This is a slight itching and burning, as well as white discharge, usually with a sourish odor. This disease is caused by the fungus. Very often, this disease accompanies pregnant women, and also develops during the period of taking antibiotics and the use of intrauterine contraceptives. This form is treated fairly easily, the most important thing is that both partners must be involved, and the therapy itself is carried out with the help of special creams and ointments.
Let's define what bacterial vaginitis means, the symptoms, the treatment of this disease. This is not a bacterial lesion of the vagina, as many people think, but the death of its natural microflora. Normally, bacteria called Doderlein's bacillus inhabit the vagina. They support the natural balance and prevent the development of pathogenic microflora.With a strong violation of this balance, the sticks die, and in their place completely different microorganisms are populated. What is the reason for this? This may be impaired nutrition and frequent use of alcohol, reduced immunity and colds, abortions and hormonal disorders, various injuries of the genital organs, constant change of sexual partners, long-term antibiotics and inflammation of the urinary system. With all its simplicity, this form is one of the most complex, since it requires a systematic approach to treatment. Basically, gynecologists prescribe local funds (candles and ointments), as well as restorative drugs.
This is one of the most severe forms of this disease. Let's look at what a trichomonas vaginitis is. It is rather difficult to recognize its symptoms, since it has been hidden for a long time. In a man, the disease may not manifest itself in any way, while in a woman it will manifest purulent copious secretions of yellow or green color. It is necessary to treat both partners, because the bacteria Trichomonas can affect the entire urogenital system.This form is characterized by severe itching and burning, as well as a heavy odor of discharge.
This disease is inherent in women aged. Over the years, our body loses its reproductive functions, estrogen production decreases. This is the main reason for the thinning of the vaginal epithelium.
This is how atrophic vaginitis develops. Its symptoms are peculiar, most often it is bloody discharge. The level of estrogen decreases, the amount of lactobacilli decreases, which leads to disruptions of vaginal pH, as well as a decrease in the level of lactic acid. This leads to the fact that there is an inflammatory process. That is, this disease, which by its cause has a hormonal nature, namely the lack of estrogen. This problem is solved in a complex, through the use of hormonal drugs, as well as local drugs.
As we have already noted, an integrated approach to treatment is necessary, otherwise the result will be very difficult to achieve. It is necessary to choose the right etiotropic, that is, drugs that affect the causative agent. To do this, you first need to identify which particular microorganism caused it to you.Most often these are different antibiotics. They are used in the form of candles or ointments, as well as orally, in the form of tablets. The choice should be made by the doctor, on the basis of analyzes, only in this way can the treatment scheme be considered effective.
If a patient with a mild course of the disease turns to a doctor, he is usually not prescribed antibiotics. This also applies to children. But with severe course of the presence of the inflammatory process without them. Arsenal of drugs is very wide, the doctor always has a choice. These are antibiotics of the penicillin series, for example, Amoxiclav. Macrolides, "Pimafucin", are very often prescribed. In severe cases, cephalosporins (“Cefazolin”) and nitroimidazole - “Trichopol” cannot be dispensed with. In addition, the doctor may prescribe drugs of the polyene series "Nystatin" and antifungal agents "Flucostat." In order for the treatment to be as effective as possible, a comprehensive treatment regimen is used, that is, the administration of drugs from different groups is combined. This is the only way to achieve not a temporary relief, but a complete cure.
But this is one side of the treatment, besides, it is necessary to use local means, antiseptics and disinfectant solutions. This is done to alleviate the symptoms of vaginitis with a confirmed diagnosis.For this, wide use of vaginal suppositories is “iodoxide” or “Betadine”, douching and washing with soda and boric acid, hydrogen peroxide and potassium permanganate. In addition, a special vaginal antiseptic "Tantum Rose" is prescribed.
Finally, there is a third aspect that cannot be left aside. Vaginitis is often the result of hormonal changes. It can be diabetes, obesity and more. For example, estrogen levels drop during menopause, leading to an outbreak of vaginitis. In such cases, it is necessary to choose the right and hormone replacement therapy with special drugs. With the elimination of hormonal failure, it will be possible to observe a persistent cure without relapse.
Most often, only herbs can not cure this disease, but they are able to provide the additional effect necessary to consolidate the effect obtained. Folk remedies are used as antiseptics for mild disease, especially in children. For this you can use pharmacy chamomile. In addition, today there are convenient and reliable phyto-tampons and phyto-pads.Impregnated with special compounds, they are very effective in dealing with this disease. There are more than 25 medicinal herbs in their composition; they simultaneously kill germs and absorb toxins. This method of treatment is effective and not contraindicated. However, we must remember that folk remedies do not provide a 100% guarantee of cure. They are designed to relieve pain and underlying symptoms, but only in combination with drugs can help completely cure the ailment. If it is treated only with herbs, then temporary relief can be obtained, but in the meantime the disease will enter a chronic phase. Then it will be much more difficult to cope with the disease, the treatment will be much more expensive, and the time you spend is immeasurably more.
Summing up, I would like to emphasize once again: any treatment requires a reasonable approach, proper diagnosis and the appointment of high-quality and effective drugs. All this can be achieved only by seeking the help of a doctor. Therefore, do not self-medicate.