Taiga ax do-it-yourself: drawing, design features
If you are a trekking fan, then you must have a taiga ax. When a person just wants to acquire it, he thinks about whether or not to do the work on the manufacture of an ax yourself. If you make an ax with your own hands, then it can be even better than those presented in the store.
Manufacturing technology of the taiga ax
Initially, you should choose the material for the ax. The length of this part and its shape will affect performance. For convenience, you should make the ax curved, while the section should be oval. For reliability, the back should be somewhat wider and have a certain slope. The tree should be chosen in such a way that it can undergo vibrations. Among others it is recommended to consider:
If you will be performing a taiga ax, the wood should be harvested in the fall.The material should be dried and left in a dark place. Fresh wood is not recommended for use, because over time it will crack and dangle in the eyelet. Such an ax will not be used.
Additional recommendations for the manufacture of ax
Toporishche should be as reliable and convenient as possible, because these factors will affect the comfort of work. The holder should be made balanced, it should be well sanded, it should have the correct geometry, only then the hands of the worker will not be injured. The simplest option among others is pine. It is quite easy to grind and sharpen, but it has established itself as a not so reliable material, because it has a high brittleness. Therefore, birch will be a better solution, this option is optimal and affordable, because this type of wood is easy to find.
In some latitudes, the manufacture of handles from ash and maple will be quite problematic, but these two options are optimal. When choosing sizes, you must take into account your own preferences. But there are certain recommendations.The handle should have a length ranging from 50 to 70 cm. These dimensions are universal. The traveling variant should be 40 cm altogether, however it will be rather difficult to chop firewood and chop trees with the help of such a tool. If you splinter chocks with an ax, the handle length can be increased to 120 cm, in this case you will achieve productivity and high impact force.
Work on blanks
At the next stage, you can do a template. For this purpose, a drawing is applied to the cardboard, which can then be transferred to the material. This will be required for more accurate size detailing. For the toporishcha need harvesting of well-dried wood. Cut the workpiece along the direction of the fibers. The workpiece should be slightly longer than the planned dimensions.
The part that you plan to insert into the eyelet should be made somewhat wider. On both sides of the blank you need to attach a drawing. As soon as all the contours can be redrawn, you need to take care of allowances. In order that the handle during installation did not break away, indent should be left in the tail section. Once the tool assembly has been completed, you will need to get rid of excess material.
Preparation of an ax
If you decide to make a taiga ax, then it is important to make transverse cuts below and above the timber. Their depth should not reach 3 cm to the line of the toporishcha. The extra layer of wood can be removed with a chisel. Those places where transitions and corners are necessary, it is necessary to process the rasp. At the final stage, the ax should be ground with sandpaper. The taiga ax in the area of the wooden element must be impregnated with a waterproof composition. To do this, use linseed oil or linseed oil. The application should be carried out in several layers.
When doing a taiga ax with your own hands, you will need to prepare also the piercing part. At home, it is quite difficult to do, so you can choose in the hardware store. It is important to pay attention to the marking of steel, it should be manufactured according to state standards. The eye must be made in the form of a cone. Pay attention to the blade, it should not be chipping, bending and dents. If you look at the butt, its ends should be located perpendicular to the blade.
Mounting an ax
When you make a taiga ax with your own hands, you will need to make longitudinal and transverse cuts on the ax handle in its upper part.Next, using hardwood, you should cut 5 wedges. Gauze, which is pre-soaked in resin, is wound over an ax handle for tight passage into the eyelet. Now you can score ax. The wedges are knocked out into the cuts, and after drying, they can be cut off.
What should be the blade
The taiga ax, the drawing of which is recommended to be prepared before the start of work, must have a working surface that allows it to be buried deep in the wood. That is why the tool can be used for cutting across the fibers. There should be a beard in the working part. As its main function is the protection of wood under impact. Up to 60% of the force will be absorbed.
Sharpening should be special. The rear edge is almost two times thinner than the front. This is done in order to use the ax as a cleaver. The head of the ax should form a smaller angle with the ax. This allows you to increase the efficiency, in addition, such a solution will relieve fatigue and increase productivity. The blow is stronger in comparison with the carpenter's ax, where the blade and the head are placed at an angle of 90 °.
Before you make a taiga ax, you should know that the angle of inclination of the ax handle should be between 65 and 75 °, this is the main difference. It is necessary to use for grinding ordinary circles, the main task is to maintain the difference in the thickness of the rear and front edges, because this will affect the productivity of work.
Tool head making
The shape of the taiga ax should be special, it refers to the head. If you decide to do this part yourself, you can use a carpenter ax. To do this, take a metal head, the weight of which is in the range of up to 1600 g. This option is considered optimal. Next, the front protrusion of the blade is cut, it should be made flush with the butt. The protrusion can make a limit from 5 to 8 °, but it is better to remove it completely.
The back of the blade should be rounded, for this metal is cut, so that the entire surface does not have corners. This can be done grinder or emery wheel with an average grain. If you are performing a taiga ax, for what purpose the excavation was made, you may wonder. It is required for planing or more precise work.This form allows you to pull up logs and hang the ax on the branch. In addition, the notch will reduce the weight by 200 g. In the next step, a semicircle should be cut in the inside of the blade. The upper corners of the butt are also removed, it will reduce weight and increase maneuverability. You can refuse to perform this operation.
Wrought Ax Making
Forged ax taiga if you have special equipment, you can do it yourself. It will consist of two parts. From a steel section of 60 x 35 mm, it is necessary to chop off a 170-mm billet. Tool blade is suitable for the blade. In the heated billet, you need to perform two grooves with ledges to form a butt. Billet need to stretch to the size and overclock. Then it is bent on the horn of the anvil or mandrel, so that the mandrel will enter the hole formed after bending.
From tool steel it is necessary to execute a wedge with dimensions that will correspond to the ax. The wedge is inserted between the bent and drawn ends of the workpiece, then it should be hammered. The workpiece together with the wedge is heated to the welding temperature, then you can do forge welding.After completion of these works, the workpiece is put on the mandrel, and the following operations must be performed on it. The beard to protect the ax handle is being delayed. The surface of the ax must be trimmed, sharpened the blade and harden it, lowering the heat treatment mode for tool steels.
Forged Ax Manufacturing
The ax of the taiga ax can be made whole-cast. For this purpose, alloyed or high-quality carbon steel is used. The weight of the workpiece must be increased by the size of the wedge. The ax is forged, as well as welded. Ax cheeks welded and forged to the required size. The blade should be chopped off and sharpened with an emery wheel, then it should be hardened according to the mode for the selected steel.
In such an ax, the working part will be less stable, which means that it will become blunt faster compared to the ax made using forge welding technology. The connection of the blade with the ax is carried out by rivets, which will be more difficult, therefore this technique is used quite rarely.