Verbs of time (English)
The system of English language times differs significantly from that presented in Russian. It is much more detailed, which is why it is often difficult to learn.
In the English grammar, the system of verb tenses takes a separate and very serious place. Studying each time separately is meaningless, since each of them is somehow connected with the other.
Like Russian, English has three main tenses: the present (Present), the past (Past) and the future (Future). However, each of them has its own varieties, denoting a different temporal relation of the speaker to the actual moment. Various verbs of time are involved in their education. English language implies the use of several auxiliary verbs to form one or another tense form. For example, the verbs am / is / are, be / was / were / have, will / have, have / has / had.
Moreover, many scientists still can not agree on the number of times in the English language. It ranges from twelve to twenty-six.
The system of past times of the English language (Past Tenses) has a common semantics of action that has passed in the past in relation to the speaker. The past tense verbs in English have a specific form: the ending is attached to the correct –ed, the incorrect ones are in the second or third form (for example, written / written) and you just need to remember them when learning a language.
In total there are four forms of past tense in the English language: Past Simple (Past Simpl), Past Continuous (Past Continius), Past Perfect (Past Perfect) and Past Perfect Continuous (Past Perfect Continius).
Simple Past is used most often, because it means a certain action that has been accomplished in the past, the duration of which has already come to an end. Verbs of tense, the English version of which is implemented here in the was / were forms, may have certain markers that indicate when this action has already passed (yesterday, last month, etc.).
An important feature of Past Cotinuous is the duration of the action in the past. In this case, the verbs of the time (the English version - the same was / were) go together with the main verb with the ending –ing (was / were writing).
For the Russian-speaking person, Past Perfect is the most difficult time for perception. This is because we do not have time denoting the previous action.Past Perfect is used when you need to indicate an action that happened before a certain time or before another action. Verbs of time (English version: had) here come in conjunction with the main verb with the ending –ed (had worked) or the third form of the irregular verb (had written).
Past Perfect Continuous is a difficult past tense, which is not actually used in English speaking and writing. It refers to a continuous action that precedes another.
The system of present times also has four varieties: Present Simpl, Present Continius, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continius. The substantive aspect remains essentially the same, adjusted for the course of action at the present moment relative to the speaker. Present tense verbs in the English language are forms am / is / are and irregular verbs in the first form for nonperfect and in the third form for perfect tenses.