What are amino acids
About what is an amino acid, it is known, perhaps,practically to everyone. This is inherently a constituent of proteins, of which a living organism consists, starting with the largest animal and ending with a tiny microbe. In all the processes that occur in the body, various forms of proteins take part.
It is from these that ligaments are formed in the human body,muscles, tendons, all glands and organs, nails and hair. Proteins are found in bones and liquids. They are hormones and enzymes that regulate and catalyze all processes in the body.
If they are deficient in the body, a violation occurswater balance, and this in turn causes swelling. Proteins are not interchangeable. Each of them is unique. And each of them in the body has a special purpose.
They are synthesized from amino acids, educationwhich occurs due to the cleavage of proteins directly present in various food products. Therefore, we can conclude that such amino acids.
These are the ones most valuable elements of nutrition,which are so necessary for the body. Although it was previously thought that such substances were proteins. As it turned out - this opinion is erroneous, because any protein that comes with food in the body is divided into amino acids.
They, these separate composite particles,subsequently used to create the body's own proteins. It is important to know what amino acids are directly for the body, and what role they play.
First of all, they are needed in order tomaintain the functionality of various vital and necessary processes in the body. In turn, amino acids are divided into two categories: irreplaceable and replaceable.
The first deserve this name because of the fact thatthe body is unable to synthesize them independently. This is a confirmation that they can only be obtained by a single method - from the food products in which they are contained. In addition, such amino acids, the use of which can be prescribed in the form of specialized additives and complexes, are very important for the body.
The second category of amino acids is interchangeable,which the body is able to synthesize on its own. Therefore, it is not necessary to receive them daily from food. But in certain cases, some of them may well become irreplaceable.
This is mainly due to the fact that inan increased need for these amino acids arises. Under certain circumstances, the need for an organism in such elements increases substantially, and this leads to the fact that it becomes incapable of producing enough of them.
After finding out what amino acids are,it should be noted that some of them in some cases act as neurotransmitters or neurotransmitters. And sometimes they are their predecessors. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that transmit a nerve impulse from one nerve cell to another.
So, some amino acids are extremely important for the normal functioning of the brain. Sometimes the speed of transmission of one or another impulse depends on them, and hence the timeliness of the reaction.
In addition, amino acids contribute to the correctand adequate performance of vitamins and minerals of their functions. Some of them are a source of energy supply for muscle tissue. Therefore, today many athletes make up supplies of amino acids in the body with various specialized additives.
In total, about 28 amino acids are known,most of which are synthesized in the liver. The most important for the normal well-coordinated work of the body are the chemical properties of amino acids, that is their direct ability to enter into any reactions.
These properties are determined by the properties of the lateralradical. Conditionally all amino acids are divided into several groups. The greatest chemical stability in those that contain an aliphatic radical as a side residue. These include valine, isoleucine, alanine and leucine. They are practically not subjected to chemical modification.