What is pronation of the foot
The mechanism of the human foot is very complicated. During running, walking, jumping, this section of the limb is experiencing a huge load every minute. When it comes into contact with the support, it passes through three motor phases: retracted or driven, bent or unbent, turns outward or inward. Therefore, it is not surprising that with such loads, almost eighty percent of people have problems associated with this leg department.
The foot condition is affected by enough factors. These include physical activity, general health, occupation, and sometimes footwear. The mechanism of depreciation, the ability of this section of the limb to be made as flat as possible during the load, specialists defined the term "pronation of the foot."
How to determine its degree, find out for whichwhy was there a trauma? This, of course, can only be done by a doctor. However, today many people try to understand the causes of their ailments on their own, so this article will be useful to them.
Pronation of the foot is its rotational movement inside. It helps to reduce the impact load, which is accompanied by the limb's contact with the support, and also scatter it over the entire surface.
When there is excessive pronation,a person is hurt or often injured. Most often this is observed in runners, as well as those who are much in motion. As a rule, such people are provoked by shin injuries, knees and areas near the tibia hurt.
The reason for these problems is flatcontact with the support, resulting in the arch of the foot is moved inward, and the toes are outward. As a result, excessive pressure is created on the tibia and, as a consequence, the effectiveness of the muscles that stretch is reduced.
The other extreme is supination or insufficientpronation of the foot - on the contrary, reduces impact shock absorption when it comes into contact with the supporting surface, since in this case the person rests only on its outer part.
Neither excess pronation of the foot, nor supinationare undesirable. In both cases, biomechanical failures in a certain part of this department create an excessive load. And as a result, pathologies begin to develop. For example, deformation of bones or the emergence of a tissue protective layer can be observed, etc. Pronation of the foot can also have hereditary roots.
Of course, such a violation of motor functionfor life, the threat does not represent. Perhaps, therefore, orthopedists do not sound alarm when the pronation of the foot has excessive or insufficient parameters, especially since this ailment does not require long-term medical treatment.
Most often the doctor recommends the patient to wearspecial footwear, correcting the movement of the foot, as well as use insole insoles. This prevents the further development of the disorder, and also the indicators come to normal, as a result of which the pain diminishes. Of great importance is a special therapeutic exercise. In the course of this, structures are consolidated and the pronation of the foot is normalized.