What is the grammatical basis?
Russian language is rich and powerful. You cannot know all the rules, but you need to strive for it. Today we will do just that.
What words are grammatical?
Each sentence contains a grammatical basis. The constituents of the grammatical basis of the sentence are subject and predicate. The minor members of the sentence, however, either directly or indirectly share these words. The grammatical meanings of the construction are determined by the inclination and time of the predicate expressed by the verb. For example:
- "The ball flies right into the goal." The action of the subject occurs, and occurs now.
- "The ball flew straight into the goal." The action of the subject occurred, and occurred in the past tense.
- "I would fly the ball into the goal." Action item does not occur, but expressed in the wish.
Grammar Basics: Examples
The subject and the predicate in the sentence can be expressed in different ways, sometimes taking unusual forms. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze in more detail the concept and examples of the grammatical basis of the sentence members.
The subject is the main member of the proposal and denotes the subject performing the action. The subject answers to the "who?" and "what?", characteristic of the nominative case. The following examples will help to correctly identify the subject in the sentence:
- Subject - noun in the nominative case. "The dog tucked tail."
- Subject - pronoun in the nominative case. "I saw", "Who brought the apples?". "That's funny". "This is their child." "The purse that was found belonged to Marina" (subject to the clause of the subordinate type). "The leaf that fell on the alley seemed fiery red" (subject to the subordinate clause). "Someone will see." "Everything is quiet."
- The subject is the indefinite form of the verb. "To be brave is already a victory." "To listen is to hear." "Break - do not build."
- The subject is a combination of several words (one in the nominative case). "My brother and I rarely quarreled."
- The subject is a combination of several words (without the nominative case). "Two birds sat on the windowsill"
The predicate is the main member of the sentence, related to the subject and having the expressed question "what does?" value.Also, the questions characterizing the predicate include “what is he?”, “What is he like,” “who is he?”. For example, "I drank about a liter of water"
The predicate is the main member of the sentence, related to the subject and having the expressed question "what does?" value. Also, the questions characterizing the predicate include “what is he?”, “What is he like,” “who is he?”.
Speaking about what a grammatical basis is, one cannot but embrace the concept of a simple and compound predicate. The first expresses the verb in the form of any mood. Compound express a few words, of which one - connects it with the subject, while others bear a semantic load. For example: "His mother was a nurse" - the verb "was" connects the predicate with the subject, and the "nurse" bears the meaning of the predicate. Those. in this sentence, the predicate - "was a nurse."
A compound predicate can be a compound verb and a compound nominal. A simple verb predicate can be expressed using a verb in one of the following forms:
- The form of the present tense and past tense. "He runs fast." "Sister did not hear the call."
- The form of the verb of the future tense. "I will be asked tomorrow."
- The form of the verb conditional or imperative. "I would not go to that yard." "Let him eat what he wants."
Summarizing, we can say that the grammatical basis expresses the grammatical meaning of the construction and the number of grammatical bases in a sentence is, as a rule, not limited.