What is the syntax and how is it related to punctuation
What is syntax? This is a section of grammar that studies how words and syntactic units are combined into sentences. Syntactic units are such constructions, the components of which are combined with each other by syntactic relations and relations. These include word forms and word combinations.
Between the word forms that are included in the word combinations, the syntactic links are divided into the following types:
1. attributive (notebook student, a textbook on geography and the like);
2. Object (write letters, admire the picture, prepare for departure, and so on);
3. circumstantial (live outside the city, return in the evening, go away to study).
Phrase, being a means of naming andbuilding material for the proposal, at the same time close to the word, but, nevertheless, differs from it. They are borne by the fact that the phrase, like the word, has a system of form, conditioned by the grammatical origin of the main word. And if this word is a noun, the phrase has the form of cases and numbers (the student's book, the student's book, the student's books).
In the case if the word is a nameadjective, the phrase has the form of an adjective. That is, the phrase will tend to cases, change by birth and number. For example: capable of mathematics, capable of mathematics, capable of mathematics.
If it is a verb, then the phrase has many verbal forms (reading a newspaper, reading a newspaper, reading a newspaper, reading a newspaper).
The syntax of the text also relates to the field of linguistics, which studies the syntactic organization of the entire text, that is, the connection between syntactic units, as well as the whole speech product.
Raising the question of what a syntax is, it follows thatnote also the fact that he, relying on the semantic regularities, directly depends on the intonational-rhythmic organization of the text. The syntax is inextricably linked with punctuation. Therefore, considering the syntax of the text, you should not forget about the punctuation marks.
Remember the wonderful cartoon "In the countryunlearned lessons "? There, the main character, having managed intonationally to determine the setting of a single comma, saved his life. By the way, explaining to the children at the lesson of the Russian language the importance of punctuation, you can pick up other examples similar to this. For example, invite them to put a comma in the sentence: "You can not rest your lessons". The main thing is to bring to the students the idea that syntax and punctuation always go hand in hand. You can not be considered an educated person by understanding the syntax and punctuation.
But if to the question, what is the syntax, we foundanswers, now it's time to decide what is meant by the word "punctuation". Punctuation is a collection of rules about putting punctuation marks on a letter. Signs, as is known, allow people to divide text by dots into sentences, and also to separate punctuation parts of the sentence, homogeneous members of the sentence, allocate appeals, introductory words and participial or adverbial movements. And how difficult it is to understand a text in which no signs are placed with direct speech!
Punctuation helps writers accurately express theirthought and feelings, and reading - to understand them. The syntactic direction in Russian punctuation, which has gained wide popularity in the practice of its teaching, boils down to the fact that the signs are called upon, first of all, to make the syntactic system vivid. Often the punctuation system is based on syntactic soil, but this does not mean that the punctuation system copies the sentence structures, obeying them. Pointing out the division of speech with punctuation marks, punctuation is primarily based on syntax and is a means of revealing different semantic nuances that are inherent in different parts of the written text. In short, the use of punctuation marks - to help identify the syntactic structure of speech.
But only when understanding what the syntax is, you can correctly decide which and where to put punctuation marks.