What is utopia?
You may decide that now it will be a question of floods or sunken ships, if the word utopia is completely unknown to you. But do not worry, there will be no talk of drowning people and soon you will learn what utopia is.
If we talk about utopia in a broad sense, it is something ideal, in the sense of being perfect, the very best. But we know that the ideal (people, things, etc.), unfortunately or fortunately, does not exist ... So we are approaching the definition of the meaning of the word utopia in its literal translation from Greek: utopia is "a place that does not exist ".
Utopia is a literary genre from the realm of fantasy. Utopia is also the very content of such works, where the core is the creation of the "ideal", from the position of the author, of society; unattainable plans for the transformation of the social system. A characteristic feature of utopia is the author’s faith in the impeccability of the model he created.
The main function of utopia K. Maingeiman considers social criticism.In other words, the author, creating a model of an ideal social system, as if points to all the shortcomings and gaps of the existing one.