What to eat with gastritis?
Gastritis - a disease in which the gastric mucosa is inflamed. When it occurs, a person may experience the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, heaviness in the stomach, discomfort in the abdominal cavity, general weakness, loss of appetite. It is important to know that there are two types of gastritis - with high and low acidity. A gastroenterologist can diagnose such a disease. He also prescribes a diet, talk about it in detail later.
Diet for gastritis
It is very important to know what to eat during gastritis, since proper nutrition is an important condition for improving well-being and healing. In addition, if you do not follow a certain diet, then this disease can turn into an ulcer.
When gastritis, regardless of its type and shape, it is necessary to adhere to the following principles in the diet:
- There are often, but in small portions (5-7 times a day);
- Avoid overeating;
- Do not eat in a hurry;
- Do not eat food without a powder - you need to drink it with tea, compote or other liquid;
- Chew food as necessary as possible.
Now let's take a closer look at what exactly eat during gastritis and what foods are prohibited.
Flour and bakery products
With this disease, you can eat white wheat bread, but it should be yesterday. It is allowed to include in the diet snack biscuits and buns, dry biscuit, pies with various fillings. You can not eat fresh pastries, rye bread and pancakes.
Cereal and pasta
When gastritis should cook porridge based on rice, rolled oats, buckwheat and oatmeal. You can also cook patties from them by adding pasta to them. At the same time, barley, corn, barley and millet groats, as well as legumes should be abandoned.
Meat products and eggs
When gastritis is necessary to enter into your diet only lean meats: veal, rabbit, beef, chicken, turkey, fish. Cook it must be steamed or baked in the oven without adding oil. You can use eggs when cooking omelets, you can also boil them with a soft boil. It is forbidden to enter into your diet fatty meats and fish, smoked meats and canned goods. You can not eat fried eggs and boiled hard boiled.
When gastritis is very useful to drink fresh kefir, yogurt, whole milk. You can also eat low-fat cottage cheese and sour cream. You can not enter into the diet of dairy products that have high fat content.
Vegetables, berries and fruits
Very useful for gastritis are mashed potatoes, pumpkin, zucchini, carrot and cauliflower soups. Also with this disease, you can eat a variety of ripe and sweet berries and fruits. They can make juices, mousses and puddings.
It is impossible to eat unripe and sour berries and fruits during gastritis, as well as the following vegetables and greens: cucumbers, onions, radishes, spinach, sorrel, tomatoes, mushrooms.
When gastritis, you can enter into your diet natural honey, jam, jam, marshmallows, berries, dried fruits. In this case, it is undesirable to have chocolate, cakes, pastries, halva and ice cream.
Patients with gastritis can drink natural juices, weak tea. It is forbidden to drink carbonated drinks, sour juices, alcohol, strong tea and coffee.
It is important to take into account that people who have gastritis accompanied by low acid production should include in their diet more than those products that contribute to an increase in hydrochloric acid, and with increased acid production, on the contrary - food, which reduces its production.
Thus, products that stimulate the formation of hydrochloric acid include the following:
- low-fat cocoa;
- egg yolk;
- dishes with salt;
- natural honey;
- decoction, prepared on the basis of wild rose;
- brown bread;
- various spices - they must be added when cooking the first and second courses.
An exemplary diet menu for gastritis with low acidity is as follows:
- Breakfast: steamed omelette, porridge, rosehip broth;
- The second breakfast: a glass of cream with rusks;
- Lunch: cream soup, jelly, spiced poultry cutlets;
- Dinner: tea, a piece of bread with honey, boiled fish with mashed potatoes;
- At night you should drink a glass of milk.
Now we list the products that contribute to the decrease in the production of hydrochloric acid:
- mineral water;
- weak tea;
- cottage cheese;
- boiled meat and fish;
- vegetable dishes, cooked in the form of mashed potatoes;
A sample diet menu for a day with gastritis with high acidity is as follows:
- Breakfast: porridge and milk tea;
- Second breakfast: baked apple and cottage cheese with sugar;
- Lunch: vegetable broth, steamed rice porridge, compote;
- Dinner: a slice of cheese, a slice of bread with jam, vegetable puree;
- At night it is recommended to drink a glass of yogurt or kefir.
In any case, the doctor should select a diet based on the state of your body and the stage of the disease. It is also important to remember that in addition to adjusting the nutrition, you will need to take medicines that will relieve inflammation of the mucous membranes. Their dosage and duration of the course are prescribed by a gastroenterologist. Be sure to eliminate the cause that led to the development of such gastritis.